weather conditions

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how to predict the weather

By  – The Bug Out Bag Guide

Typically we count on weather services and electronic devices to know what to expect from the sky. We may alter travel plans, make a quick trip to the store, or simply pack an umbrella in reaction to an impending storm. However, these services will likely come to a halt if disaster strikes and alternative means of monitoring weather conditions will be necessary. For those that opt to head for the hills, it will become vastly more important to know how to predict the weather in the wilderness.

Nature itself provides many clues as to what is in store. The clouds, plants, animals, insects, and the moon have been used for centuries to predict precipitation, droughts, and floods. Farmers, fishermen, sailors, and others who spend long periods of time outdoors, and whose livelihood depends heavily on the weather patterns, have devised ways to foresee the weather in order to prepare themselves.

Having the skills to read the warning signs that nature provides has short-term and long-term benefits that can greatly increase your chances of survival in a bug-out scenario. Whether a major storm is brewing and you need to prepare to build a shelter in for the day or if the likelihood of flooding doubles and you need to reconsider your location for the season, learning how to predict the weather using nature is a valuable survival skill.

Continue reading at The Bug Out Bag Guide: How To Predict The Weather In The Wilderness


By  – AccuWeather

Another outbreak of severe storms, including tornadoes, will get up to full steam on Saturday over the Central states.

The risk of severe weather will stretch along a swath approximately 1,200 miles long.

According to AccuWeather Storm Warning Meteorologist Eddie Walker, severe storms will rake the Plains from near the borders of Canada to Mexico on Saturday into Saturday night.

The storms will affect areas from North Dakota and Minnesota to Texas.

“The entire gambit of severe weather is expected, with high wind gusts to 70 mph, very large hail, heavy rainfall and frequent cloud to ground lightning likely in the strongest storms,” Walker said.

The strongest thunderstorms will also spawn tornadoes with the threat highest from south-central Nebraska to western and central Oklahoma and neighboring communities in Texas.

Within this area, there is concern for a few strong and long-tracking tornadoes.

While stressing that the danger exists throughout the above area, Assistant Director of Storm Warnings Andrew Gagnon stated, “The greatest threat for a long-lived tornado is across western Oklahoma.”

People spending time outdoors or traveling across Interstate 10, I-20, I-40, I-70, I-80, I-90 and I-94 through Texas and the Plains should be on the lookout for rapidly changing weather conditions.

Officials will need to monitor the weather conditions closely for the Major League Baseball game at Kansas City, Missouri, between the Yankees and Royals on Saturday evening.

Continued coverage at AccuWeather: Violent Storms to Threaten 1,200-Mile Swath of Central US Saturday

RELATED: Severe Weather Center
Kansas Turnpike Tornado Shelters: A Lesser-Known Haven for Motorists During Severe Weather
The Difference Between Tornado Watches and Warnings

By Brian Lada

A storm will spin up along the New England coast at midweek and will take on characteristics of a

nor’easter with drenching windswept rain and coastal flooding in some locations.

Several days of rainy, windy and unsettled weather conditions are in store for the Northeast United States from Virginia to Maine and into Canada from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia to Prince Edward Island and southeastern Quebec.

It may become too windy for umbrellas to be of much use in New England and the maritime provinces of Canada, where the heaviest rain and strongest winds will occur. The combination of rain and wind can cause travel problems.

Localized flooding may also occur due to the persistent rain, particularly in New England where trees have already shed a majority of their leaves.

Fallen leaves can be washed away into streams and storm drains, disrupting the water flow and causing flooding issues. Low-lying and poor drainage areas are the most susceptible for this type of flooding.

Rain and fallen leaves can make roadways extra slick. Windswept rain can make for very poor visibility.

While a thorough soaking is in store for northern New England and part of northern upstate New York, the rainfall will be more sporadic farther south in the mid-Atlantic.

Gusty winds in the absence of steady rain can lead to flight delays at some of the airports in the I-95 corridor.

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The combination of onshore winds and high astronomical tides during the approach of the new moon can lead to coastal flooding from eastern Massachusetts to Nova Scotia.

Despite the negative impacts that the rain will bring, it will have some positive impacts.

Since the start of September, some locations in the Northeast have received well below-normal rainfall amounts, leaving the ground drier than normal.

This includes cities such as Providence, Rhode Island, which has only received 45 percent of its average rainfall from Sept. 1 to Oct. 18. During the same period, rainfall has been 44 percent of average in Albany, New York and 25 percent of average in Rutland, Vermont.

The storm system will begin to weaken and move away from the region on Friday and Saturday allowing for dry conditions to move in from southwest northeast.

Dry weather is forecast to make a full return to the Northeast for the first part of the weekend, making for great weather for college football games, 5K runs and other outdoor activities.

More at AccuWeather: Nor’easter to Unleash Rain, Wind From Virginia to Maine


Severe weather, including the risk of a small number of tornadoes, will return to the Plains this week with the bulk of the activity on Thursday.

Spotty, strong thunderstorms will erupt Tuesday over parts of the northern Plains just north of record heat.

The coverage and volatility of severe weather is forecast to increase late Wednesday to Thursday.

The potential for thunderstorms packing large hail, downpours and locally damaging wind later Wednesday into Wednesday night will reach from Nebraska to much of Wisconsin, Iowa and southern Minnesota, as well as extending southward to west-central Texas.

Thursday’s severe weather outbreak will yield numerous thunderstorms capable of producing dangerous weather ranging from frequent lightning strikes and damaging winds to large hail and flooding downpours. A small number of the storms can also produce tornadoes.

Unlike last week, the atmospheric setup this week is not favorable for a major tornado outbreak but a number of communities could be faced with dangerous and damaging weather conditions.

According to AccuWeather Enterprise Solutions Storm Warning Meteorologist Justin Pullin, “The setup this time favors more storms with straight-line wind gusts as opposed to tornadoes.”

The strongest storms and hence the greatest risk to lives and property on Thursday will reach from central Minnesota, southward to north-central Texas.

Cities in this zone include Dallas and Tyler, Texas, Oklahoma City and Tulsa, Oklahoma, Fayetteville and Fort Smith, Arkansas, Topeka and Wichita, Kansas, Kansas City and Springfield, Missouri, Omaha, Nebraska, Des Moines, Iowa and Minneapolis.

According to AccuWeather Long Range Expert Paul Pastelok, “The greatest atmospheric dynamics will be from the central Plains to the Upper Midwest, while the most humid air will be much farther south, hence the extensive severe weather threat zone on Thursday.”

People are urged to keep up to date with forecasts, watches and warnings as they are issued and to seek shelter as storms approach. All it takes is one brief tornado to put people’s lives in danger.

Motorists planning to travel on stretches of Interstates 29, 35, 40, 44, 49, 70 and 80 are at risk. Remember, a vehicle is a dangerous place to be when a tornado is approaching.

RELATED: Severe Weather Center
Difference Between Tornado Watches, Warnings
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Dry air may keep a lid on storms until the last minute over the central and southern Plains.

The storms over the central and southern Plains will fire along what is known as a dry line, which separates desert air from the West and humid Gulf of Mexico air from the east.

The dry line may activate as early as late Wednesday afternoon and evening before the worst of the severe weather outbreak commences Thursday afternoon and continues into Thursday evening. meteorologists will be monitoring the potential for gusty thunderstorms to rattle the Great Lakes on Friday, as well as drenching and stronger thunderstorms across the lower Mississippi Valley and Texas.

Senior Meteorologist Alex Sosnowski contributed content to this story.

More at AccuWeather: Severe Storms to Hit I-35 Corridor From Dallas to Minneapolis



Winter weather conditions can vary quite a bit depending on the region you live in, from constant rain and sleet to thick blankets of snow and black ice. Then, sometimes it just gets plain cold, with little rain or snow, but perhaps some wind chill to drop things down to below zero. In any case, winter can bring some harsh weather in its wake, but you can prepare for it so that you and your family aren’t caught by surprise. Clothing Proper clothing is essential when you’re preparing for winter weather. In a region where the temperature regularly drops to below zero, layers of clothing including long underwear, sweaters and insulated jackets are strongly recommended. For quick and easy access, each member of the family should have a complete set of warm winter clothes (including good shoes and a jacket, if possible) stored in a bag in a designated area.

Don’t forget your head and feet, either; you lose a lot of body heat from the top of your head and the soles of your feet, so wear a warm hat and some comfortable, warm socks. By contrast, if you live in an area that experiences cold but extremely rainy winters without much snow or ice, you’ll need adequately waterproofed clothes, jackets and shoes particularly.

Keeping Warm A lot of people take central heating for granted, but if the power goes out or you find yourself stranded in the cold and away from home (say your car broke down), you’ll need to stay warm. Proper clothing will go a long way toward keeping you warm, especially if you dress in layers, but you can also carry instant heat pads (usually good for a few hours) or matches, a lighter, and/or a small firesteel or flint and striker for starting a fire. When the power goes out at home, if your home has a fireplace, you can keep your family and home warm with a fire.

In a post-SHTF scenario, or if the power were to go down for an extended period of time, a fire can also allow you to heat beds, cook food, and heat water for bathing. Traditionally, a bed warmer was a specially designed pan that would be filled with hot coals and inserted between the sheets or under the mattress in order to warm or dry out the bed, today you can use a hot water bottle or a rubber bladder for the same purpose. In some countries, hot potatoes were also placed inside the pockets of travelers to help keep them warm over long distances.

Car Preps winter_car_kitKeep your car prepared for winter by topping up oil, fuel, antifreeze and brake fluid levels. A good pair of winter tires is also highly advisable, especially in regions that are subject to snow or heavy rain. In areas that experience heavy snow, keep chains for your tires stored in your car. Since a winter storm may strand you under a variety of conditions, you may also wish to keep a small quantity of cash stored in your vehicle for use in an emergency.

You can also keep a bag or two of cat litter or sand in the trunk of your car; if your vehicle gets snowed in or stuck, cat litter or sand can be poured around the tire to help it gain traction. Also, don’t forget some rock salt or another suitable de-icing agent if ice is a known risk.

Avoid traveling during heavy storms whenever possible, but always keep emergency supplies stored in your vehicle. Such emergency supplies should include water, something to eat, suitable warm clothes including gloves, a small shovel, road flares, a blanket or emergency space blanket, and a small medical kit, preferably with some form of instant-heating pack.

Home Preps It may not cross your mind at first, especially if you rent a home or an apartment, but winter-proofing your residence can help immensely. To prepare your home or apartment for winter, you can check the glass and seal up any drafts around windows or doors that will let cold air in.Storm glass or double-paned windows can provide additional insulation from the cold, while some cultures will hang heavy tapestries, rugs or animal skins on their walls for added insulation. A well-insulated or winter-proofed house can also save you money on your heating bill.

Power Outages Assuming you don’t have a backup power source, be prepared for power outages during the winter by stocking up on plenty of batteries, candles, matches and lighters, as well as firewood if you have a fireplace. A wood burning stove can be particularly useful if you have a power outage, since you can heat a substantial portion of your home while also cooking your meals or heating water for drinking and other uses. Another good item to have on hand is a decent emergency radio, battery powered and tuned to the local weather station for updates and news.

If you have no method of cooking your food during a power outage, be sure to have a well-stocked supply of non-perishable foods. Think along the lines of energy bars, powdered milk, cereal, trail mix, dried fruits, nuts, juice mix, and dried meat like jerky. Propane and charcoal can be used to cook outdoors, but should not be used inside as they are both fire hazards and potential sources of carbon monoxide, an odorless, deadly gas.

Stock Up Pay attention to local weather reports during the winter, especially if you live in an area known to experience extreme winter weather. Meteorology may not be an exact science, but if a storm with a 200 mile radius is heading your way, it may be prudent to stock up and hunker down. Keep your kitchen and pantry well-stocked during the winter months, so that when a heavy storm comes through you don’t have to worry about getting things from the store.

Make sure you have plenty of food and other necessities for your pets, as well. You should also keep a stock of at least 2 weeks’ worth of any medications that you or a family member needs.

Bugging Out Honestly, bugging out during winter is a pretty bleak prospect under most conditions. Still, if you’re faced with circumstances where you must bug out during winter, you can try to make the best of it. To start with, don’t attempt to bug out in the middle of a storm. You’re better off hunkering down wherever you can in order to wait out the storm. If you must travel during a storm, try to wait for clear periods and breaks in the weather. Keep a shovel on hand in your home, and preferably also in your vehicle, so that if you get snowed in you can dig your way out. – Survivopedia