Pneumonic plague

All posts tagged Pneumonic plague

[Editor’s Note: Have you noticed how deadly outbreaks have been occurring more frequently? Remember the Ebola scare? Or the avian flu epidemic? While many of these spread in third world countries, they are escalating in severity. Mother Nature may be telling us something.

Presently, the pneumonic plague or as many of us know as The Black Death has resurfaced and it’s airborne. Thus far, 684 plague cases and 57 deaths have occurred from an airborne transmission of the plague in Madagascar and Seychelles. One fact is certain, this outbreak is spreading at an alarming rate and many in the affected area are scrambling for face masks, supplies and most importantly, antibiotics.

Only time will tell if this outbreak moves to other parts of the world, but it is important to keep a vigilant eye on this health crisis and know how to protect yourself to mitigate the effects.]

By Jeremiah Johnson – Ready Nutrition

There has been an outbreak of plague, the pneumonic form that can be transmitted directly through airborne transmission, involving direct contact with someone who has been infected.  Although this is taking place far away on the islands of Madagascar and Seychelles off the coast of East Africa, the Ebola outbreak a few years ago showed that such outbreaks cannot always be completely confined.

Dave Hodges released an excellent piece recently, entitled Something Very Big and Very Evil is About to Happen that is worth reading, especially concerning the special warehouse facilities where government medicine and supplies are being stockpiled throughout the nation.  Another very relevant article is entitled “An alarming development as the Bubonic Plague is now confirmed in the Seychelles while hundreds of new cases suspected in Madagascar“.  The reason this plague is so bad is that it is readily transmissible, it is a pneumonic plague (which is more severe), and fatalities are occurring within 24 hours.

How to Protect Yourself Against the Pneumonic Plague

I researched a WHO site that lists pharmacological treatments for the plague.  The resource is 79 pages in length, authored by two medical doctors.  It comes directly from a WHO (World Health Organization) plague manual from Chapter 3 entitled “Treatment of Plague.”  I am going to list the top three plague medications from the article here:

1.Streptomycin is the number one drug for the treatment of Yersinia pestis (the plague bacteria) and specifically effective against pneumonic plague.  The dosage is 30 mg per kg (of patient body weight…conversion being 1 kilogram = 2.2 pounds).  Up to 2 grams per day can be administered in divided doses, injected intramuscularly for a course lasting 10 days or until 3 days after the body temperature of the patient has returned to normal.

2. Chloramphenicol: can also be used to treat plague, with a dosage of 50 mg/kg/day in divided dosages. The dose is given parenterally (by IV) or orally, for a period of 10 days.

3. Tetracycline is an antibiotic that is bacteriostatic. This means that bacteria does not grow/spread with its administration.  This antibiotic can be used in treatments of plague.  Loading (initial) dose of 15 mg/kg is given, not to exceed 1 g total.  Subsequent dosages are 25-50 mg/kg/day, with no more than 2 g per day given, for a total of 10 days.  It can be given as an adjunct to other antibiotics.  Caution in that expired Tetracycline cannot be used past the expiration date, because it is hepatotoxic (poisonous to the liver).  It also causes photosensitivity (makes one sensitive to sunlight).

Preparing for Outbreaks by Using Multipurpose Drugs

The website, www.rightdiagnosis.com  lists Ciprofloxacin as a drug to use against pneumonic plague post exposure.  Ciprofloxacin prevents the plague bacteria’s DNA from being able to replicate.  In short, it stifles reproduction of the bacteria, and it is a broad-spectrum antibiotic.  The FDA authorized it as a preventative medication and as a treatment.  Dosage (a website for drugs at www.drugs.com ) lists it 500 to 750 mg orally every 12 hours for 14 days.

In case you haven’t been following the news, the drug listed above, Ciprofloxacin is also a drug that can treat against Anthrax.  Yeah, one of the bio-weapons that North Korea is believed to have stockpiled…with the capability to deliver to the United States via a missile.

In addition, the shelf-life to the last med is at least 10 years, and it doesn’t need refrigeration.  It is also available as an aquarium med from veterinary pet suppliers without a happy prescription from your smiling, happy, perfect doctor.  So now Mr. and Mrs. Hallmark and family can stock up on something that may help if the pneumonic plague crosses borders and the ocean, as well as picking up something that may be used to treat for anthrax initiated by a war.

Preparation and survival must take into consideration the nature of the disaster that strikes for an apocalyptic/SHTF scenario, but you must also consider what is going on prior to the event… because chances are high that it won’t stop going on!  Outbreaks that are contained will become epidemics when a collapse happens or a nuclear war.  You want to well-round your supply stores with what is needed before you need it.  Be smart, and update your supplies periodically, so that you’re never without a current and working supply of meds.  More information will be published on this outbreak in the near future where we will cover more on the plague and go over some herbal remedies that may help in case you can’t acquire the meds listed here.  JJ out!

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition: Health Alert: Fatal Airborne Transmission of Pneumonic Plague Spreading at Alarming Rate. These Lifesaving Antibiotics are Your Best Defense

About the author:

Jeremiah Johnson is the Nom de plume of a retired Green Beret of the United States Army Special Forces (Airborne). Mr. Johnson was a Special Forces Medic, EMT and ACLS-certified, with comprehensive training in wilderness survival, rescue, and patient-extraction. He is a Certified Master Herbalist and a graduate of the Global College of Natural Medicine of Santa Ana, CA. A graduate of the U.S. Army’s survival course of SERE school (Survival Evasion Resistance Escape), Mr. Johnson also successfully completed the Montana Master Food Preserver Course for home-canning, smoking, and dehydrating foods.

Mr. Johnson dries and tinctures a wide variety of medicinal herbs taken by wild crafting and cultivation, in addition to preserving and canning his own food. An expert in land navigation, survival, mountaineering, and parachuting as trained by the United States Army, Mr. Johnson is an ardent advocate for preparedness, self-sufficiency, and long-term disaster sustainability for families. He and his wife survived Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath. Cross-trained as a Special Forces Engineer, he is an expert in supply, logistics, transport, and long-term storage of perishable materials, having incorporated many of these techniques plus some unique innovations in his own homestead.

Mr. Johnson brings practical, tested experience firmly rooted in formal education to his writings and to our team. He and his wife live in a cabin in the mountains of Western Montana with their three cats.

 

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Diseases come and diseases go…rather like fashions, but with diseases it’s the general conditions prevailing at the time that denotes what gets a foothold and what doesn’t. Many diseases are opportunists, they will surface at a time the conditions are right for them to flourish and most often this is at a time when humans really could do with concentrating on other stuff. Here are ten diseases that will make their presence felt after a major, long term disaster, be it war, societal collapse or in some cases even an economic downturn. Click the link to find much more detail about each disease.

1. Typhus: Typhus is spread by the body louse, it’s all around us, prevalent amongst the homeless and those living in unsanitary overcrowded conditions. The only reason we are not all infected with it is our ability to launder our clothes and shower/bathe regularly. History teaches us that typhus loves downturns and has been shown to surge during and after every major crisis be it war or a stock market crash.

2. Typhoid: Not to confused with typhus typhoid is caused by the bacteria salmonella typhi and is spread by contaminated food and water. It spreads quickly in overcrowded and/or unsanitary conditions.

3. Pellagra: Pellagra is caused by a lack of vitamin B3 and was endemic just a few decades ago, Those eating diets with low levels of B3 are at risk of suffering from pellagra. Its a debilitating disease that causes a slow and painful death.

4. Hantavirus: Hantavirus is caused by ingestion of dried mouse droppings that are commonly fund in sheds,cabins etc. It’s a serious disease that will kill if not treated promptly. In a situation where the mouse population can’t be controlled and contact with droppings is more frequent cases of Hantavirus will rise.

5. Bubonic Plague: Plague has two forms, bubonic and pneumonic. Bubonic plague is often fatal if left untreated, pneumonic plague is almost always fatal if left untreated. Both are spread by the bite of a rat flea. As with hantavirus if rodents can’t be kept under control the disease will spread. It causes agonizing swellings, often in the groin or armpits that are full of pus and black in colour, hence being called the black death.

6. Leptospirosis: Sticking with rodents did you know they are incontinent? Everywhere the rodent goes it leaks urine and most rodents carry leptospirosis. It is very common after major freshwater floods as the rodents move to higher and drier ground and come into more contact with humans. treatable with antibiotics but often fatal if not anything that moves rodents nearer people or people nearer rodents will cause an uptick in cases.

7. Chagas Disease: Chagas is caused by the reduviid bug that lives in hardened mud, adobe walls and loose/dirt flooring. It’s endemic in parts of Africa,India and South America. It causes debilitating illness and can lead to lifelong medical problems if not treated early.

8. Food Poisoning: There are many forms of food poisoning, the most lethal of which is Listeria, though it’s closely followed by E.Coli 157. The incidence of food poisoning will rise almost immediately there’s a grid down situation. The lack of refrigeration coupled with the possibility of food not being cleaned or cooked properly will guarantee an uptick in these debilitating and often fatal conditions.

9. Heart Attacks/Strokes: Heart attacks and strokes will surge after a collapse of any kind. Lack of blood pressure medication will cause the death of many but more still will die due to over exertion. They will be undertaking physical tasks they have never done before and for many the strain will simply be too much. Add cold weather to a collapse scenario and the situation is even more dire as the blood becomes cool and sticky and forms small clots that can lead to both heart attacks and strokes.

10. Emerging Diseases: Many new diseases are emerging, or have emerged over the last few years. There is still a great deal to find out about the mode of transmission, susceptibility and pandemic potential of diseases such as MERS-nCV, H5N1 and H7N9 both forms of avian flu, and other zoonotic diseases that pose a threat to humans.

There are quite simply too many diseases that could threaten our survival in a post-collapse world for us to prepare for all of them. The only way you can be sure is to stay away from other people, and make sure other people stay away from you and your group. This is something that may be possible if you live in a low population area and you have enough supplies to hole up until the dust has settled…how ever long that may be. For most people however that’s not an option.

Wearing gloves when out and about, and not touching your nose or face after any form of outside contact will go some way towards preventing the spread of disease.

Have as little physical contact with ‘outsiders’ as possible and consider wearing a face mask or a scarf over your nose and mouth when out and about.

Make sure you remove outer wear, including footwear before re-entering your home.

Check the seams and pockets of your clothes regularly to make sure there are no lice hiding away and inspect you body thoroughly if you have been out mixing with the population at large. Pay particular attention to armpits and groin as body lice favour warm moist areas when they feed.

It’s a good idea to keep a tub of some kind full of bleach water just outside the door so that hands can be washed before entering. Pay particular attention to the area between the fingers and the tips of your fingers.

Stock a huge supply of baby wipes and band aids. Use them if you have to go out and about. Germs can’t do you any harm if they can’t get into you and they usually get in via your mouth and nose or through a break in your skin.

This list, sadly is not exhaustive. In fact it doesn’t even scratch the surface of the diseases that are out there just waiting for a chance to strike. The single most important thing you can do to prevent the spread of disease in a crisis is to keep your hands clean and keep them away from your nose and mouth,

Kids are wonderful little germ factories picking up bacteria and happily spreading it around. Teaching them hand hygiene will help keep you all safe during everyday life…and even more so during a crisis when lack of medical assistance and access to medication means this simple action could be a lifesaver.

Take Care

Liz

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Contributed by Lizzie Bennett of Medically Speaking