Madagascar

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[Editor’s Note: Have you noticed how deadly outbreaks have been occurring more frequently? Remember the Ebola scare? Or the avian flu epidemic? While many of these spread in third world countries, they are escalating in severity. Mother Nature may be telling us something.

Presently, the pneumonic plague or as many of us know as The Black Death has resurfaced and it’s airborne. Thus far, 684 plague cases and 57 deaths have occurred from an airborne transmission of the plague in Madagascar and Seychelles. One fact is certain, this outbreak is spreading at an alarming rate and many in the affected area are scrambling for face masks, supplies and most importantly, antibiotics.

Only time will tell if this outbreak moves to other parts of the world, but it is important to keep a vigilant eye on this health crisis and know how to protect yourself to mitigate the effects.]

By Jeremiah Johnson – Ready Nutrition

There has been an outbreak of plague, the pneumonic form that can be transmitted directly through airborne transmission, involving direct contact with someone who has been infected.  Although this is taking place far away on the islands of Madagascar and Seychelles off the coast of East Africa, the Ebola outbreak a few years ago showed that such outbreaks cannot always be completely confined.

Dave Hodges released an excellent piece recently, entitled Something Very Big and Very Evil is About to Happen that is worth reading, especially concerning the special warehouse facilities where government medicine and supplies are being stockpiled throughout the nation.  Another very relevant article is entitled “An alarming development as the Bubonic Plague is now confirmed in the Seychelles while hundreds of new cases suspected in Madagascar“.  The reason this plague is so bad is that it is readily transmissible, it is a pneumonic plague (which is more severe), and fatalities are occurring within 24 hours.

How to Protect Yourself Against the Pneumonic Plague

I researched a WHO site that lists pharmacological treatments for the plague.  The resource is 79 pages in length, authored by two medical doctors.  It comes directly from a WHO (World Health Organization) plague manual from Chapter 3 entitled “Treatment of Plague.”  I am going to list the top three plague medications from the article here:

1.Streptomycin is the number one drug for the treatment of Yersinia pestis (the plague bacteria) and specifically effective against pneumonic plague.  The dosage is 30 mg per kg (of patient body weight…conversion being 1 kilogram = 2.2 pounds).  Up to 2 grams per day can be administered in divided doses, injected intramuscularly for a course lasting 10 days or until 3 days after the body temperature of the patient has returned to normal.

2. Chloramphenicol: can also be used to treat plague, with a dosage of 50 mg/kg/day in divided dosages. The dose is given parenterally (by IV) or orally, for a period of 10 days.

3. Tetracycline is an antibiotic that is bacteriostatic. This means that bacteria does not grow/spread with its administration.  This antibiotic can be used in treatments of plague.  Loading (initial) dose of 15 mg/kg is given, not to exceed 1 g total.  Subsequent dosages are 25-50 mg/kg/day, with no more than 2 g per day given, for a total of 10 days.  It can be given as an adjunct to other antibiotics.  Caution in that expired Tetracycline cannot be used past the expiration date, because it is hepatotoxic (poisonous to the liver).  It also causes photosensitivity (makes one sensitive to sunlight).

Preparing for Outbreaks by Using Multipurpose Drugs

The website, www.rightdiagnosis.com  lists Ciprofloxacin as a drug to use against pneumonic plague post exposure.  Ciprofloxacin prevents the plague bacteria’s DNA from being able to replicate.  In short, it stifles reproduction of the bacteria, and it is a broad-spectrum antibiotic.  The FDA authorized it as a preventative medication and as a treatment.  Dosage (a website for drugs at www.drugs.com ) lists it 500 to 750 mg orally every 12 hours for 14 days.

In case you haven’t been following the news, the drug listed above, Ciprofloxacin is also a drug that can treat against Anthrax.  Yeah, one of the bio-weapons that North Korea is believed to have stockpiled…with the capability to deliver to the United States via a missile.

In addition, the shelf-life to the last med is at least 10 years, and it doesn’t need refrigeration.  It is also available as an aquarium med from veterinary pet suppliers without a happy prescription from your smiling, happy, perfect doctor.  So now Mr. and Mrs. Hallmark and family can stock up on something that may help if the pneumonic plague crosses borders and the ocean, as well as picking up something that may be used to treat for anthrax initiated by a war.

Preparation and survival must take into consideration the nature of the disaster that strikes for an apocalyptic/SHTF scenario, but you must also consider what is going on prior to the event… because chances are high that it won’t stop going on!  Outbreaks that are contained will become epidemics when a collapse happens or a nuclear war.  You want to well-round your supply stores with what is needed before you need it.  Be smart, and update your supplies periodically, so that you’re never without a current and working supply of meds.  More information will be published on this outbreak in the near future where we will cover more on the plague and go over some herbal remedies that may help in case you can’t acquire the meds listed here.  JJ out!

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition: Health Alert: Fatal Airborne Transmission of Pneumonic Plague Spreading at Alarming Rate. These Lifesaving Antibiotics are Your Best Defense

About the author:

Jeremiah Johnson is the Nom de plume of a retired Green Beret of the United States Army Special Forces (Airborne). Mr. Johnson was a Special Forces Medic, EMT and ACLS-certified, with comprehensive training in wilderness survival, rescue, and patient-extraction. He is a Certified Master Herbalist and a graduate of the Global College of Natural Medicine of Santa Ana, CA. A graduate of the U.S. Army’s survival course of SERE school (Survival Evasion Resistance Escape), Mr. Johnson also successfully completed the Montana Master Food Preserver Course for home-canning, smoking, and dehydrating foods.

Mr. Johnson dries and tinctures a wide variety of medicinal herbs taken by wild crafting and cultivation, in addition to preserving and canning his own food. An expert in land navigation, survival, mountaineering, and parachuting as trained by the United States Army, Mr. Johnson is an ardent advocate for preparedness, self-sufficiency, and long-term disaster sustainability for families. He and his wife survived Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath. Cross-trained as a Special Forces Engineer, he is an expert in supply, logistics, transport, and long-term storage of perishable materials, having incorporated many of these techniques plus some unique innovations in his own homestead.

Mr. Johnson brings practical, tested experience firmly rooted in formal education to his writings and to our team. He and his wife live in a cabin in the mountains of Western Montana with their three cats.

 

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An area of showers and thunderstorms is moving across the Mozambique channel, just west of Madagascar.

By Eric Leister

This area of showers and thunderstorms will become better organized over the next 24 hours as it moves eastward over the warm ocean waters.

Favorable conditions will allow this area of showers and thunderstorms to quickly organize into a tropical cyclone.

The satellite image above shows an area of showers and thunderstorms over the Mozambique Channel on Wednesday, courtesy of UW-CIMSS.

After developing, the cyclone is expected to turn south to southeast and approach southwestern Madagascar by Thursday.

The center of the cyclone will more than likely remain offshore; however, heavy rain and some gusty winds could impact southwestern Madagascar, leading to the threat of flooding.

By Friday, the cyclone will race southward over the open ocean with no future impacts on any landmass before being absorbed into a large storm system over the southern Indian Ocean.

More at AccuWeather: Tropical Cyclone Developing Near Madagascar

By Eric Leister

An area of showers and thunderstorms is moving from Mozambique into the Mozambique channel, just west of Madagascar.

This area of showers and thunderstorms will become better organized over the next 24 hours as it moves eastward over the warm ocean waters.

Favorable conditions will allow this area of showers and thunderstorms to quickly organize into a tropical cyclone.

The satellite image above shows an area of showers and thunderstorms between Mozambique and Madagascar on Tuesday, courtesy of EUMETSAT.

After developing, the cyclone is expected to turn south to southeast and approach southwestern Madagascar by Thursday.

The center of the cyclone will more than likely remain offshore; however, heavy rain and some gusty winds could impact southwestern Madagascar, leading to the threat of flooding.

By Friday, the cyclone will race southward over the open ocean with no future impacts on any landmass before being absorbed into a large storm system over the southern Indian Ocean.

More at AccuWeather: Tropical Cyclone Expected Near Madagascar

By Eric Leister

A large zone of unsettled weather over the Indian Ocean has resulted in the formation of two tropical cyclones this week.

The first area, just east of Sri Lanka, will pose the greatest threat to land, as the potential tropical cyclone could bring impacts to areas from India to Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Farther south, Tropical Cyclone 24S formed on Wednesday from this broad area of unsettled weather.

The above satellite image from Friday shows clouds associated with Tropical Cyclone Jamala well south of India. Also seen is the newly formed Tropical Cyclone 01B to the southeast of Sri Lanka.

This newly formed tropical cyclone will be the greatest threat to land during the next week, while Tropical Cyclone Jamala will drift south and then westward over the open Indian Ocean during this time.

Tropical Cyclone 01B is expected to take a generally northward track over the next couple of days as it becomes better organized. With this track, the potential storm could bring life-threatening conditions to millions of people from northern India and into Bangladesh and even Myanmar.

Another concern is that parts of Bangladesh and northeast India have received 6-12 inches of rainfall during the past week, so additional heavy rainfall from a possible tropical cyclone would likely produce widespread flooding and possible mudslides.

Tropical Cyclone Jamala will have less impact on land masses, especially in the short term. The most likely track would take the storm to the south before upper-level winds take the storm westerly toward Madagascar late next week.

Read More at AccuWeather-India to Myanmar Possible Targets for Tropical Cyclone.

By Eric Leister

A large zone of unsettled weather near and south of India has resulted in the formation of one tropical cyclone, and another may form soon.

The first area, just east of Sri Lanka, will pose the greatest threat to land, as the potential tropical cyclone could bring impacts to areas from India to Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Farther south, Tropical Cyclone 24S formed on Wednesday from this broad area of unsettled weather.

The above satellite image from Thursday shows clouds associated with Tropical Cyclone 24S well south of India. Also seen is a cluster of showers and thunderstorms just southeast of Sri Lanka that could develop into another tropical cyclone.

Close monitoring of the area near Sri Lanka will be needed into the upcoming weekend for possible development.

If tropical development does occur to the east of Sri Lanka, the expected track of this tropical cyclone would be generally to the north. With this track, the potential storm could bring life-threatening conditions to millions of people from India and into Bangladesh and even Myanmar.

Another concern is that parts of Bangladesh and northeast India have received 6-12 inches of rainfall during the past week, so additional heavy rainfall from a possible tropical cyclone would likely produce widespread flooding and possible mudslides.

Tropical Cyclone 24S will have less impact on land masses, especially in the short term. The most likely track would take the storm to the south before upper-level winds take the storm westerly toward Madagascar next week.

Read more at AccuWeather

Biological Hazard in Madagascar on Thursday, 28 March, 2013 at 03:58 (03:58 AM) UTC.

Base data
EDIS Number: BH-20130328-38662-MDG
Event type: Biological Hazard
Date/Time: Thursday, 28 March, 2013 at 03:58 (03:58 AM) UTC
Last update:
Cause of event:
Damage level: Severe Damage level
Geographic information
Continent: Indian Ocean
Country: Madagascar
County / State:
Area: Statewide
City:
Coordinate: S 18° 46.017, E 46° 52.146
Number of affected people / Humanities loss
Foreign people: Affected is unknown.
Dead person(s):
Injured person(s):
Missing person(s):
Evacuated person(s):
Affected person(s):
Description
A severe plague of locusts has infested about half of Madagascar, threatening crops and raising concerns about food shortages, a UN agency says. The UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) said billions of the plant-devouring insects could cause hunger for 60% of the population.About $22m (£14.5m) was urgently needed to fight the plague in a country where many people are poor, the FAO added. It was the worst plague to hit the island since the 1950s, the FAO said. FAO locust control expert Annie Monard told BBC Focus on Africa the plague posed a major threat to the Indian Ocean island. “The last one was in the 1950s and it had a duration of 17 years so if nothing is done it can last for five to 10 years, depending on the conditions,” she said. Nearly 60% of the island’s more than 22 million people could be threatened by a significant worsening of hunger” “Currently, about half the country is infested by hoppers and flying swarms – each swarm made up of billions of plant-devouring insects,” the FAO said in a statement. “FAO estimates that about two-thirds of the island country will be affected by the locust plague by September 2013 if no action is taken.” It said it needed donors to give more than $22m in emergency funding by June so that a full-scale spraying campaign could be launched to fight the plague.

The plague threatened pasture for livestock and rice crops – the main staple in Madagascar, the FAO said. “Nearly 60% of the island’s more than 22m people could be threatened by a significant worsening of hunger in a country that already had extremely high rates of food insecurity and malnutrition,” it added. An estimated 85% of people in Madagascar, which has a population of more than 22 million, live on less than a dollar a day. The Locust Control Centre in Madagascar had treated 30,000 hectares of farmland since last October, but a cyclone in February made the situation worse, the FAO said.

RSOE EDIS – Biological Hazard in Madagascar on Thursday, 28 March, 2013 at 03:58 (03:58 AM) UTC. EDIS CODE: BH-20130328-38662-MDG.

alt = cyclone swirling off east coast of Madag...Tropical Cyclone Felleng continues to produce gusty winds and locally heavy rainfall across parts of Madagascar and the neighboring islands of Reunion and Mauritius.

Felleng is currently packing sustained winds near 70 mph, just below hurricane force. The storm is expected to slowly weaken over the next day or two and remain over the open waters of the Indian Ocean as flooding continues to be the primary threat for areas affected by the storm.

Across Madagascar, the worst weather has been near the eastern coastline. The major port city of Toamasina reported over 7 inches of rainfall from the storm, with more than 5 inches falling in less than 24 hours.

Farther south along the east coast, Mahanoro received over 5 inches of rainfall from the storm.

The heaviest rainfall from the storm is still impacting Tolanaro where between 3 and 4 inches of rain has already fallen.

Heavy rain and gusty winds have also been pounding Reunion. Thus, far the storm has dumped more than 6.50 inches with locally heavy rainfall expected through Saturday morning.

Felleng already made its presence known across the Agalega Islands as well as the Seychelles earlier this week. The Agalega Islands reported nearly 10 inches of rainfall in less than 48 hours resulting in widespread flooding.

Meanwhile the Seychelles, hundreds of miles from the center of the storm were caught by outer rain bands which resulted in over 7 inches of rainfall in a 24-hour time period, resulting in a state of emergency.

The extreme rainfall led to flooding and landslides across the islands which damaged at least 150 homes, fortunately not deaths were reported.

The center of Tropical Cyclone Felleng passed very close to Tromelin Island with sustained winds near 60 mph for time on Wednesday. The island is a sanctuary for many important bird species in the region. – AccuWeather

Tropical Cyclone Felleng Hits Madagascar and Nearby Islands.