gun safety tips

All posts tagged gun safety tips

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Image Source: Pixabay.com

By The Survival Place Blog

The topic of children and guns has been a hot one, over the last few years. With accidents claiming the lives of children across the world, it’s easy to see why. But, most people’s reaction to this, is to never expose their kids to guns at all. This doesn’t work very well, though, if you’re a gun owner. Or, even if you just want your kids to be as safe as possible.

It’s important to be aware of the dangers of having guns around your little ones, so this post will go through some of the things to think about. Obviously, it’s ultimately your choice as a parent, as to how you treat your children. So, just use this for reference.

Safety In The Home

If you keep guns at home, there are certain measures you need to take. Keeping a gun in a draw or under a bed doesn’t really cut it. If you want to keep guns at home, ideally you should have a gun safe. Obviously, these are expensive and mainly to deter theft. If you want a more affordable alternative, you can look into other lockable containers.

Any guns that you carry, keep in the car or have to leave out, should all be unloaded with ammo far away. A young child will find it very hard to load a gun; but older children, with some experience, can be a much bigger danger. Keeping ammo and the weapon separate limits the risk dramatically.

Education

Starting from a young age, you should educate your children surrounding gun safety. Teaching your children that guns are dangerous, and should only be used in emergencies, will give them a good respect for the risks involved. You should also teach them that the guns in your home are off limits. Let them know where the guns are kept, under lock and key, but assert that they are never to be played with.

As your child gets older, you’ll want to give them some hands-on education. It is better to start with a BB gun or Airgun, before moving on to a real one. This will give you an opportunity to teach your children to handle guns correctly, without the danger of a real gun. You won’t struggle to find airsoft guns for sale, and they’re very affordable.

Teaching your children early on and throughout their lives will build their confidence. Confidence is key in avoiding accidents. Someone with more confidence will handle a weapon with greater precision and purpose.

Observation

Once you have taught your children, you need to watch them. Study how they operate and handle the weapons they use. This will give you a good insight into how you should proceed with further education.

Never leave your children alone with a weapon. Most accidents involving children and guns are as a result of no supervision. Children rarely want to hurt themselves or others; you just need to watch that they don’t make a mistake.

Hopefully, this will give you somewhere to start. Make sure that you research the laws and regulations that apply to your home. You can seek advice from your government and professionals if you’re still concerned.

This article first appeared at The Survival Place Blog: Keep Those Whipper Snappers Safe: Gun Saftey And Kids

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child with gun

By Joshua KrauseReady Nutrition 

When it comes to the subject of children and firearms, there seems to be two prevailing schools of thought. One says that if you have children, all of your firearms need to be locked up and hidden away, and kids shouldn’t even be aware of your firearms until they’re old enough to respect them. The other school of thought suggests quite the opposite. Kids need to be introduced to firearms at a very early age, even if they don’t quite understand what they’re looking at. They need some familiarity with guns, so that it kills their curiosity.

It’s hard to argue with the former sometimes. Little kids don’t mix well with firearms unless they are under strict supervision. It’s not uncommon for children to stumble upon their parent’s weapons, and accidentally shoot themselves or others. Every year, over 2000 kids are accidentally injured with firearms in America, and among kids aged 10 and under, accidents account for 75% of all firearm injuries.

But is sheltering your kids from firearms really the best way to keep them from hurting themselves and others? It’s hard to say since, to my knowledge at least, there haven’t been any studies made on the matter. And sometimes, even when parents familiarize their children with guns, accidents still happen.

However, a recent experiment conducted by KWWL News in Iowa found that it’s probably best to familiarize your kids with firearms, even when they’re really young.  Though the experiment didn’t set out to prove anything in that regard, it sure is compelling. Under the guidance of a police officer, they planted an unloaded pistol in a room full of toys to see how long it would take for several kids to find it, and play with it. If you’re short on time, you can get the gist of the video by starting at the 5 minute mark.


Though the sample size is small, the results are impossible to ignore. The only kids who didn’t play with the gun were the ones who grew in households that have guns. They’ve seen them before, and on some level they know that guns aren’t toys.

So with that in mind, it’s probably safe to say that it’s a bad idea to shelter your kids from guns, even though it can sometimes be a little nerve-racking to broach this subject with them. If you’re a gun owner with a family, show your firearms to your kids, teach them how they work and how to be safe with them. And if they’re old enough to understand, explain the lethal potential that is inherent in every firearm. Make it clear that these aren’t toys and they’re not for fun (until they’re old enough to have fun with them of course) and you should be able to stunt their curiosity.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition: This Is Why You Shouldn’t Shelter Your Children From GunsAbout the author:

Joshua Krause was born and raised in the Bay Area. He is a writer and researcher focused on principles of self-sufficiency and liberty at Ready Nutrition. You can follow Joshua’s work at our Facebook page or on his personal Twitter.

Joshua’s website is Strange Danger

 

 

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By Ken Jorgustin – Modern Survival Blog

Keeping a firearm in the home for self-protection and security is a decision which comes with a great responsibility.

Safety, safe handling and storage, a clear understanding of gun safety, training, as well as the support for having a firearm by other adults in the household – are circumstances that must be considered by a responsible owner of a firearm for home security.

 

Your biggest responsibility is being sure that children cannot access loaded firearms.

Kids are curious. Most kids have not been trained and disciplined to understand the true responsibilities that come with a firearm. Even if your kid (or young adult) has been trained and disciplined to properly respect the gun, there’s the situation when others may be visiting (for example). Just remember that fatal accidents can occur when children discover firearms that adults thought were safely hidden or out of reach.

When you are keeping a firearm for home security, the purpose is to have the firearm readily accessible to you. Not to others. Treat it as your weapon and your responsibility.
Where to keep your home security firearm?

A handgun can be ‘worn’ on your person, or it can be readily accessible in a quick-access case, pistol safe or gun safe. Even if there are no other people living in the household (perhaps just you, or you and your spouse), some may choose to leave a firearm openly accessible, although perhaps out of sight (e.g. in a closet, a drawer, etc..). Personally, I don’t like that notion. If you leave the home (without your firearm) and someone breaks in, your firearm will not be locked up. If you have guests over the house – you may not think about the fact that you have an accessible firearm which is out of your immediate control (what if your guests have kids?). In any event, I highly encourage a lockable gun safe or pistol safe (or multiple safes for various purposes). There are all sorts of sizes, shapes, and accessibility attributes to various gun safes

Continue reading at Modern Survival Blog: Firearm Safety For Guns Kept For Home Security

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By

Today’s Preppers have thought hard and spent a lot of money on all that is needed  to get through  a time of major crisis.

In today’s rough and crime filled world a firearm is also necessity of life. Those who do not believe  this can not comprehend what is really going on in the world around them. They just feel that being a victim could never happen to them.

Firearms are purchased to defend the stockpile and stop those who would murder, rape, torture your family, or do anything else that their sick little minds can think of.

If you do not secure your loaded firearms, but only hide them out of plain sight, this is a recipe for  disaster. In particular, your own child or some other person could find your gun and shoot you long before you need the gun for survival or stopping a crime.

Then, you just become another statistically irresponsible gun owner, and if you live, your grief and other problems will never end. This is why you must have safe, secured places to store loaded firearms and  keep them at the ready.

Here are a few things to consider to make your home safer and more defensible in a time of major crisis. These suggestions will also buy enough time to enable you to access stored and loaded weapons without as much danger to yourself and others.

Strengthen All Exterior Windows and Doors

The outer doors and windows are your first line of defense against home invasions, burglaries, robberies and other criminal behavior.

These areas must be reinforced and strengthened to with stand multiple hard kicks or strikes from a heavy battering ram. Windows must be made to withstand repeated attacks.

Here are some ways to strengthen the windows:

  • Have double pane extra thick glass windows installed.
  • Have the windows frames reinforced and anchored deeply into the outer wall.
  • Have good window locks installed on the windows.

And here are some ways to strengthen the outer doors:

  • Install steel heavy duty outer doors with heavy duty hinges.
  • Install high quality lock sets to include dead bolts.
  • Have the door frame reinforced and anchored extra deep in the outer wall.
  • Install heavy duty storm doors with a heavy duty latching area.
  • Install removable extra heavy duty bracing bars to give extra support to the door.
  • Install door peep holes instead of door chains so you can see who is outside.

Teach Your Children Firearms Safety

It is the responsibility of the parents to teach their children firearm safety. Start with them young and explain it to them in a way that they can understand. Do it often so that they remember, but never assume that they or their friends are going to act responsibly in the presence of a gun.

Here are a few topics to talk with them about.

  • What to do when they see a gun laying a round with no one else around: Stop, do not touch it, leave the area, and tell an adult immediately.
  • The steps of “stop” and “do not touch it” are the two most important parts to teach children. It is a natural impulse for a child to touch a gun. Your children must totally understand these two steps and what might happen if they do not.
  • In today’s world where adult supervision is lax or nonexistent, your children must be told why, and understand the reason why they must “leave the area”.
  • To “tell an adult immediately” emphasizes that children should tell an adult that they trust if their their parents or guardian is not there.
  • A gun is not a toy, and can cause great bodily injury or death no matter who is holding it.
  • Always assume that a gun loaded.
  • Never point a gun at another person.
  • Never handle a gun.
  • Never throw, drop, or horse play with a gun.
  • If you carry regularly, secure the gun immediately when you get home and tell your children why.
  • Teach your children not to be influenced by peer pressure and do what you told them to do.

Children Can Find Almost Anything or Do Anything When They Put Their Mind To It

Parents should never hide a gun thinking a child will never find it. They will find it.

You may have put it way up on the top shelf of a closet. Children will do unbelievable feats of climbing to get at what they want.

The only thing that will keep a child safe from firearms is education and a well built lockable container.

Hiding Places to Avoid and Why

Most states impose laws that define the firearm owner’s duties to deny access to firearms by children. One of the most used criminal charges placed on adults by police after a child finds, discharges, or shoots someone with a firearm is Child Endangerment or Child Neglect. Civil liability is the next nightmare that comes your way.

Here a plaintiff sues you for your actions of not properly securing a firearm, all damages, and putting a child’s life in danger or worse.

Even if you are single or married without children do not use the following hiding places. Your family or other visiting friends may have children visiting with them, and just as badly, any criminal entering your home may gain access to these guns long before you do.

Aside from that, if you aren’t feeling well, get drunk, sleepwalk, or forget there is a gun hidden in these places, you can easily put your own life at risk.

  • In empty cereal boxes. Children would think that there is food in the box and would find the gun.
  • Duck taping a gun under a table. Most children play in and around tables and would notice it.
  • Kept in hollowed out books left around. Children are very interested in books and magazines and would open them and find the gun.
  • Hiding rifles and shotguns under the couch. A lot of children play on the floor and would find them.
  • Hiding a gun in a hollowed out space behind a picture. Children notice everything. Seeing a new framed picture or one that is hanging differently may interest a child to investigate why and find the gun.
  • Hiding a gun inside a large vase. Children pick up and play with different types of pottery and will find the gun.
  • In a closet hanging over the door. Children like to hide and play in closets. The gun will be noticed and the child will climb up to investigate. The child has found the gun.
  • In a car, hiding a holstered gun inside the front passengers seat closed by Velcro. Children sitting in the back of the vehicle can see the change in the appearance of the front seat and will investigate and find the gun, not to mention you will spend a fortune on refurbishing if your vehicle is leased. Also if you do not have a concealed carry permit you might be charged for a hidden gun within the driver’s reach.
  • Hiding a gun under a pile of towels in the bathroom. Children like to play in closets and will either feel the gun or see it.
  • In a brown paper bag next to the refrigerator. Children are curious and love to play with paper bags almost as much as cats do!
  • Hiding a small compact gun inside of a small CD wallet in your car or home. Children are curious and they will open the CD wallet when you are not looking and find the gun.
  • Hiding a gun behind the heat pump or air return filter. Children are very curious and like to explore what is behind air vents or air grills and they will find the gun. Another thing to think about is what would happen if the gun became dislodged and fell into the air return system.
  • Hiding a gun between the mattress and the box spring. A child playing on the bed could feel a hard lump and reach under the mattress and pull out the gun. Worse yet, if they decide to use the bed as a trampoline, they might cause the gun to fire.
  • Hiding a gun on top of a book case. Most children love to climb and sooner or later they will find the gun.
  • Hiding a gun behind a door.This is a no brainer, children will find the gun the next time they are in that room with the door closed.
  • Hiding a gun under a pillow. Children will feel the lump and move the pillow aside and find the gun.
  • Hiding a gun in the bedside table drawer. Easy for a child to find there. Just open the drawer and there it is.
  • Hiding a gun in the toilet water tank. Hope it is in a water proof container or you will have water damage and corrosion to your gun and ammo. Also a child’s curiosity will cause them to lift the lid and see what is in there and find the gun.
  • Wearing a gun 24/7. This is not practical at home. Even a small light handgun gets heavy by the end of the day, and people have other interests that make having a gun on at all times decidedly impossible. If you take off the gun you have created another gun safety problem. Wearing a concealed weapon outside without a permit can cause you a legal problem.

Safe Storage Places For Firearms

hiding gunsIn the days following a major crisis the high crime rate and chance of home invasion also creates a real need for safe storage places for firearms and valuables.

Everyone’s needs will be different. Here are a few ideas to consider:

1. Use a standard manual combination lock for a gun safe.

When choosing a safe be sure that it does not have a electronic push pad system only. These safes need batteries to operate the lock, no power you can not open the lock.

These heavy well built safes are designed to withstand fairly long periods of time when being hammered on, trying to cut open with torches, or trying to manually rip them open.

Also they offer a decent protection time against fire or heat. These safes should be kept out of sight in safe rooms. Bolting these safes down on to the floor is a required precaution. A good floor safe can cost between $499.99 to $1299.99.

2. The handgun quick access safe.

These are small lockable metal safes that are designed to be bolted under desks, tables, inside cabinets, or closets. They use either a key or a palm finger push pad to unlock. The average price of these safes is between $90.00 to $199.99.

3. Rifle or shotgun quick access safe. These lockable metal safes are designed to be bolted down in closets or behind large couches. They use either a key or a palm finger pad to unlock. The average price of these safes is between $100.00 to $300.00.

4. A 50 caliber ammo can that can be locked with a padlock. This lockable handgun container should be placed out of plain sight and secured to the floor behind light furniture, in cabinets, or in closets. The average price of the 50 caliber ammo can is about $25.00.

During the time of a major crisis there will be a need to have firearms to protect your family and your stockpile. Your best and first form of defense is to have reinforced exterior doors and windows.

This will stop or slow down those individuals that are trying to break in and give you time to retrieve your weapons and set into action the home defense plan.

Keeping loaded weapons in a secured location protects you and your family from disaster. Use a combination floor safe to store unloaded firearms and valuables.

Always use quick access lockable safes when hiding loaded weapons for quick accessing in times of extreme danger. If you do not have a quick access safe, use a 50 caliber ammo can that can be locked and secured to the floor.

Find out more about survival home defense in Bulletproof Home.

 This article first appeared at Survivopedia: Safe Storage Solutions For Your Survival Weapon

Pictures – Dance’s Sporting Goods.

About the Author:

Fred Tyrrell is an Eagle Scout and retired police officer that loves to hunt, fish, hike, and camp with good friends and family. He is also a champion marksman (rifle, pistol, shotgun) and has direct experience with all of the major gun brands and their clones. Fred refers to himself as a “southern gentleman” – the last of a dying way. He believes a man’s word is his bond, and looks forward to teaching others what he has learned over the years. You can send Fred a message at fred.tyrell [at] survivopedia.com.

Survivopedia_new-gun

By

Most new gun owners can’t wait to get out to the range and start shooting. While practicing makes our list of top 6 things to do; there are some other equally important things to take care of first.

No matter whether you purchased a gun for sporting, hunting, or safety, doing these simple things will ensure your safety, and the long term usefulness of the gun.

1. Get and Read the Owner’s Manual

If your gun didn’t come with an owner’s manual, get one from the manufacturer. They will usually send one for free. Most manufacturers have manuals on their website that you can download and print for yourself, or you can write to them and get a copy for free. Failing that, consider using one of the many books available on basic gun assembly, dis-assembly, and maintenance.

Once you have the manual, read it cover to cover to learn about the different parts of your gun and how it operates.

Firearms are complex and potentially dangerous weapons in the hands of those unfamiliar with the way they function. They are also just as dangerous in the hands of someone that takes advice from others that seem to think they know more than the manufacturer when it comes to suitable ammunition, breaking in the gun, and maintenance requirements.

Never take the word of someone else, even if they are a professional gunsmith over what you find in the owner’s manual. If in doubt, write to the manufacturer and ask for further clarification. Until you are absolutely certain that all your questions are answered, do not fire the gun.

2. Don’t Assume Your Gun Is Clean and Ready to Fire

Once you’ve read up on how to clean the gun, you must take time to practice disassembling, cleaning, and lubricating it. These steps are vital to ensuring the gun will fire effectively, safely, and reliably.

Most new guns come coated with a protective grease to protect against rust and corrosion. Unfortunately, this coating is ineffective at lubricating the various internal moving parts of the firearm and barrel. The gun must be disassembled, lubed, and inspected for hidden damage.

Even if you bought a brand new gun, factory errors do occur, and damage can also happen in shipping. If you purchased a used weapon, you have no way of knowing what substance the previous owner may have used to clean and maintain the gun, or if he did at all.

If your firearm didn’t come with a cleaning/lubricating kit, you will need to purchase one. Choose a cleaner that removes factory grease, lead, copper, and powder fouling. After removing all of the factory grease, your firearm needs to be properly lubricated.

It should be noted there are many formulas on the market.  Modern synthetic lubricants work best and are many times better than old oils.

Never use WD-40 or any other cleaning agent not specifically made for firearms. Doing so could cause damage to the bluing of the gun, or lead to serious injury to yourself and others around you once the gun is fired.

Before you go dropping any lubricants into the cracks and crevices of your firearm, be familiar with how to field strip and reassemble your firearm first. You should apply lubricant to each of the moving parts of your firearm such as the slide rails, hinge pins, recoil parts, and trigger assembly.

You may also use a thin coating of the modern synthetic lubricant on the outside of the barrel and other exposed metal parts as a rust preventative. Be careful to apply just enough lubricant to get the job done.

(Video first seen on National Shooting Sports Foundation.)

3. Select Proper Ammunition

The barrel on most guns is marked with the type of cartridge recommended by the manufacturer. Most cartridges come in a variety of bullet weights, measured in grains, and styles.

Since there are redundancies in ammo types, one cartridge may be suitable for both hunting and self-defense, while others only for specific purposes.

Recently, specialty ammo has become more popular than broad range options. Do the research and consult with the manufacturer’s manual as to which bullet weight and style is best for your firearm and your intended purpose.

Varying from the manufacturer’s specifications in this area can substantially shorten the working life of the gun, lead to malfunction, may even cause the gun to backfire or injure you, and may also void your warranty.

4. Fire the Gun Properly the First Time

Before loading a full magazine and firing, you need to break in the barrel and test fire the gun.  Typically, both steps can be accomplished together. To begin, test fire the gun by inserting a single round and shoot the gun. Next, clean the barrel with the synthetic lubricant on a patch followed by one or two dry patches.

While not everyone agrees with the practice of single-shot test firing, it gives you a chance to experience the weapon’s recoil and other firing characteristics without another bullet being ready to fly from the barrel.

This is especially important if you have never fired a gun before and might become startled by the sound, shell ejection, or many other things that may cause you to drop the gun or otherwise lose control of it. Even seasoned gun shooters should follow this practice, since you never really know when a gun will stovepipe or do something else that causes you to lose control of the weapon before you learn what you need about how the gun will handle from a first test fire shot.

Variants of this process involve changing the number of rounds fired before each cleaning. For example, you fire one shot, clean the barrel, then fire two shots and clean the barrel again, then fire three shots and so on. Bear in mind that this initial effort, however inconvenient, will reward you with a lifetime of safe and reliable shooting.

5. Practice, Practice, and then Practice

It’s recommended that inexperienced shooters enroll in some kind of training to educate them on proper gun handling and shooting techniques.

big-training-shoot

Unfortunately, most basic training classes only teach you how to point your gun down range, aim at a fixed target, and pull the trigger. This type of training won’t teach you how to stalk prey and hit a moving target for hunting purposes, or how to use your weapon in a home-defense combat situation.

For that reason, you should consider taking an advanced training class that teaches you how to use your gun for real survival purposes. Always practice what you learned as often as possible at a firing range so that your skills grow and develop.

6. Always Know the Gun Laws in Your Local Area

Gun laws vary from state to state, and in some cases, from county to county.  Although hotly contested, some require weapons and certain magazine types to be registered. Most states also require concealed carry permits, while others allow you to carry your gun in plain sight as long as you have the proper permits and registration for the weapon itself.

Check with your state and local governments to see what laws apply to you and the specific gun type you purchased.

Ultimately, everyone has their own idea of what steps to take after purchasing a firearm.  Whether your gun is intended for hunting, home-defense, or everyday target shooting, safety should always be paramount.

The more familiar you are with your firearm, its parts, and its ammo, the more effective you will be when it comes to actually shooting, whether your target is a piece of paper down range, a deer in the woods, or an intruder on your doorstep.

Find out more about using guns for defense survival on Bulletproof Home.

This article first appeared at Survivopedia: Did You Buy a Gun? The First Things To Do After

Survivopedia_7 Signs a Gun is Broken

By

When SHTF, you can count on Murphy’s law to render your gun useless at the worst possible moment. Fortunately, not all problems mean the gun will never fire again.  Nor do they mean you will need to locate a gunsmith to fix the gun.

Knowing how to assess these 7 common reasons for gun failure and how to resolve them is very important.  Studying your weapon and preparing your parts kit and tools now can be a life saver later on.

BEFORE YOU BEGIN ANY KIND OF TROUBLESHOOTING FOR ANY REASON, UNLOAD THE GUN AND MAKE IT SAFE.  

 Let’s see the first safety steps to take when fixing your gun:

  • For semi-auto pistols and rifles drop the magazine clear of the weapon and work the action to clear the gun of any ammo in the chamber.
  • In bolt action rifles, open the floor plate of the magazine and remove the live ammo. Then work the action to remove any chambered rounds.
  • In semi-auto and pump shotguns, unload the tube magazine with the barrel pointing in a safe direction.
  • In pump shotguns this can be done by racking the slide backward and forward until all of the shotgun shells are out of the shotgun.
  • In semi-auto shotguns work the bolt backwards and forwards, until all of the shotgun shells are out of the shotgun. Then check to see that the chamber is empty.

1. The Gun Will Not Fire

Most common causes are:

  • Bad primers – If gun stops firing while shooting, check the spent brass or shot shells for splits or light indentations on the primer. If the primer is bad, the weapon will not fire on the first strike of the firing pin. It may take another try, but remember to wait 10 seconds before trying again.  There can be a delayed firing of the gun due to a cool spark from the primer.
  • Old or wet powder – To keep this from happening again check all of your ammo to see if it is clean and dry. If not get a better waterproof container for the ammo.
  • Gun out of battery (ie. slide not aligned with receiver. See Gun Bolt Does Not Lock up In the Receiver chapter below).

2. The Gun Bolt Will Not Unlock

 

Most common causes are:

  • bolt may have jumped the carrier,
  • internal bolt parts may be bent or broken,
  • defective parts,
  • dirty,
  • wrong types of lubricant,
  • over/under lubricated,
  • over heating,
  • Spent case may be in the chamber (see the chapter about the failure to eject.)

If you were just firing the gun, wait 1 – 2 minutes and feel the receivers to see if they are hot to the touch. Consult user’s manual for specific instructions for your gun model. Disassemble weapon so the bolt and bolt carrier are easy to work on. Spray some good penetrating oil on the bolt and carrier and let it soak. When the assembly is cool and unfrozen, remove the bolt and bolt carrier and inspect and replace broken, discolored, bent, or cracked parts.

Aside from this, on bolt action rifles, check the back of the bolt to see if it has slipped from its normal operating position. If it has, pull the back portion of the bolt out and return this part back to where it belongs. Then the bolt should open. After repairs thoroughly clean and lubricate the weapon and work the action.

If it these steps do not work, you will need to take the weapon to a gunsmith.

3. Gun Bolt Does Not Lock up In the Receiver

In most cases, the bolt is not correctly seated on bolt carrier. If the bolt does not line up correctly, explosive pressure from the cartridge can blow the bolt back, causing a backfire and severe injuries to the shooter.

According to the type of the gun, the symptoms and fixes are:

  • In bolt actions rifles, bolt handle may not go all the way down to locked position.  Remove the bolt and inspect it. Check to see if it is correctly assembled. If not, follow user’s manual to correctly assemble it and return it to the receiver. Test to make sure it works.
  • In pump shotguns, the slide does not go all the way forward and lock. Pull back on front stock to open and inspect the bolt for broken, bent, or over-heated metal. Replace as needed and reassemble. Test for functionality.
  • In semi-automatic rifles, ejection port may be open or exposed. Remove the slide, and remove the bolt. Then inspect the bolt for broken or bent locking lugs, weak spring, or dirt. Clean and re-install the bolt in the slide. Put the slide on the receiver and function check.
  • In semi-automatic pistols, slide is slightly back overhanging the frame. Remove slide portion, inspect barrel lug, slide release pin, and front bushings. If any one of these parts are misaligned, gun will go out of battery and will not fire. Realign and replace broken or bent pieces to restore function.
  • In revolvers, cylinder does not lock into place in the frame because ejector rod may be bent. Replace ejector rod or cylinder latch.

4. You Only Hear a Faint, Metal/Snapping Sounding Click When Pulling the Trigger

That sound will put terror in the heart of the strongest warrior. It is not the same sound as when the gun is out of ammo. This sound means the firing pin just broke on your weapon.

To fix, remove the bolt from the weapon and remove the firing pin from the bolt. Replace with a new firing pin from your spare parts kit and reassemble the bolt. Put the bolt back in the firearm in its proper place.

If you do not have a spare firing pin, you can make one from a strait nail just a little bigger than the broken firing pin. Use the broken firing pin as a guide to make the new one. When finished check to see if it fits. Heat treat the new firing pin by placing in hot coals until it turns red, then quickly drop the pin in a can of cold water. This will harden the new firing pin.

This is only a temporary fix until you can get a proper firing pin. If the gun fires, use the weapon only for emergencies until you can get a new firing pin.

5. Gun Will Not Feed Ammo

Most common causes and solutions are:

  •     Weapon is dirty. Clean and lubricate.
  •     A bad magazine. Inspect magazine, remove and replace any broken or weak parts. Never discard an old magazine since you may still be able to use some functional parts in the future.
  •     Feeding ramp in the chamber may need a little bit of polishing to make it free of marks that may deflect the bullet coming up the ramp. Remove marks by rubbing feed ramp with very fine steel wool.
  •     Ammo may have bent cases or projectiles. Simply discard the bad ammo.

6. Gun Will Not Extract Round Out of Chamber

The major cause of this is a broken extractor. Since each gun model is slightly different, consult the owner’s manual for specific removal and replacement instructions. Be sure that each of your weapons has a spare parts kit that includes a new extractor, and appropriate tools.

A broken brass case can also cause a gun to not extract a round out of the chamber. Follow user’s manual instructions and use broken case removal tool to solve the problem. You should have at least one case removal tool for every caliber bullet that you own.

7. Slam Fire – Gun Fires More than One Shot with Each Pull of the Trigger

This problem is limited to semi-auto weapons only. If the weapon is very dirty the firing pin may be stuck with a portion outside of the bolt. This causes the weapon to fire on the closing of the bolt. Clean thoroughly to resolve.

Another cause of a slam fire is a broken catch sear or hammer sear in the trigger group. Disassemble this group in the receiver and replace all parts in the group even if only one part is broken.

Even though guns are meant to be strong and durable, simple things can cause them to appear broken. If you notice any of these problems, you may be able to fix them in the field, as well as take steps to avoid future problems. As with any other machine, proper cleaning and maintenance will prevent these 7 problems and more serious ones.

Find out more about using guns for survival on Bulletproof Home.

Photo source: 123RF

This article first appeared at Survivopedia: 7 Signs a Gun Is Broken & Fixing Them in the Field

pistol chamber check

By Adam C

Nowadays, we seem to entrust firearms manufacturers to add features to our guns in order to protect us from our own stupidity.

External safeties are the oldest of these creations and now falling out of vogue, but there are also two other nanny devices that have been fitted to modern handguns for our own “protection.” The first of these is a magazine disconnect, which is a device that impedes the handgun from firing if there is no magazine installed in the weapon. Basically, if you drop your magazine in a gunfight, this gizmo makes sure that you will never be able to return fire, even if you did have a few loose rounds in your pocket and you can get one into the chamber. This feature was mainly designed for those people who think that all you need to do to render a firearm safe is to drop the magazine (sarcasm).

The second feature that’s making its way into modern firearm design is the “loaded chamber indicator.” Usually, this is a metal tang on the side of the gun that displays the chamber condition. When a cartridge is inserted into the chamber, this tang sticks out from the slide somewhat, and the edge of the tang has a painted surface to display to the shooter that there is in fact a chambered round. Some guns use a plunger on the back of the slide that pops up to display the same thing.

While the loaded chamber indicator seems like a good idea, doing an actual chamber check is a better idea. What’s a chamber check? It’s a bit of an old school maneuver that allows you to quickly, safely and accurately verify that there is a round in the chamber, and you should do one every time you holster your carry gun for the day.

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Here’s how it works:

  1. Point the gun off to a safe direction.
  2. Ensure the safety is on, if so equipped.
  3. Tap the magazine floor plate to ensure the magazine is seated properly.
  4. Using a strong hand grip on the gun, use your weak hand to pull back the slide a quarter inch or so. An easy way to do this is to take index and middle fingers of your weak hand, and place them on opposite sides of the slide on the serrations. Then, using your weak hand thumb as a brace point, pull back the slide ever so slightly.
  5. By pulling the slide slightly back, you should see the end of the cartridge in the chamber.
  6. Release the slide, and ensure it goes back into battery properly.

About the only thing you can do wrong while executing a chamber check is to pull the slide too far back, which will of course either eject the chambered round or cause the gun to go out of battery with a misfeed. With practice, however, a chamber check can be executed rapidly and safely, and not only that, it is the ultimate way of verifying that you actually have a round in the chamber; a chamber check also relies on the good old fashioned Mark II eyeball in your skull as opposed to some fancy gizmo. Execute a chamber check before you strap on, and be 100 percent confident that you’re locked – and loaded.

The following video, not by the author, shows how to chamber check a semi-automatic pistol

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This article first appeared at Off The Grid News: The Easiest And Best Gun Safety Check?