Bubonic Plague

All posts tagged Bubonic Plague

[Editor’s Note: Have you noticed how deadly outbreaks have been occurring more frequently? Remember the Ebola scare? Or the avian flu epidemic? While many of these spread in third world countries, they are escalating in severity. Mother Nature may be telling us something.

Presently, the pneumonic plague or as many of us know as The Black Death has resurfaced and it’s airborne. Thus far, 684 plague cases and 57 deaths have occurred from an airborne transmission of the plague in Madagascar and Seychelles. One fact is certain, this outbreak is spreading at an alarming rate and many in the affected area are scrambling for face masks, supplies and most importantly, antibiotics.

Only time will tell if this outbreak moves to other parts of the world, but it is important to keep a vigilant eye on this health crisis and know how to protect yourself to mitigate the effects.]

By Jeremiah Johnson – Ready Nutrition

There has been an outbreak of plague, the pneumonic form that can be transmitted directly through airborne transmission, involving direct contact with someone who has been infected.  Although this is taking place far away on the islands of Madagascar and Seychelles off the coast of East Africa, the Ebola outbreak a few years ago showed that such outbreaks cannot always be completely confined.

Dave Hodges released an excellent piece recently, entitled Something Very Big and Very Evil is About to Happen that is worth reading, especially concerning the special warehouse facilities where government medicine and supplies are being stockpiled throughout the nation.  Another very relevant article is entitled “An alarming development as the Bubonic Plague is now confirmed in the Seychelles while hundreds of new cases suspected in Madagascar“.  The reason this plague is so bad is that it is readily transmissible, it is a pneumonic plague (which is more severe), and fatalities are occurring within 24 hours.

How to Protect Yourself Against the Pneumonic Plague

I researched a WHO site that lists pharmacological treatments for the plague.  The resource is 79 pages in length, authored by two medical doctors.  It comes directly from a WHO (World Health Organization) plague manual from Chapter 3 entitled “Treatment of Plague.”  I am going to list the top three plague medications from the article here:

1.Streptomycin is the number one drug for the treatment of Yersinia pestis (the plague bacteria) and specifically effective against pneumonic plague.  The dosage is 30 mg per kg (of patient body weight…conversion being 1 kilogram = 2.2 pounds).  Up to 2 grams per day can be administered in divided doses, injected intramuscularly for a course lasting 10 days or until 3 days after the body temperature of the patient has returned to normal.

2. Chloramphenicol: can also be used to treat plague, with a dosage of 50 mg/kg/day in divided dosages. The dose is given parenterally (by IV) or orally, for a period of 10 days.

3. Tetracycline is an antibiotic that is bacteriostatic. This means that bacteria does not grow/spread with its administration.  This antibiotic can be used in treatments of plague.  Loading (initial) dose of 15 mg/kg is given, not to exceed 1 g total.  Subsequent dosages are 25-50 mg/kg/day, with no more than 2 g per day given, for a total of 10 days.  It can be given as an adjunct to other antibiotics.  Caution in that expired Tetracycline cannot be used past the expiration date, because it is hepatotoxic (poisonous to the liver).  It also causes photosensitivity (makes one sensitive to sunlight).

Preparing for Outbreaks by Using Multipurpose Drugs

The website, www.rightdiagnosis.com  lists Ciprofloxacin as a drug to use against pneumonic plague post exposure.  Ciprofloxacin prevents the plague bacteria’s DNA from being able to replicate.  In short, it stifles reproduction of the bacteria, and it is a broad-spectrum antibiotic.  The FDA authorized it as a preventative medication and as a treatment.  Dosage (a website for drugs at www.drugs.com ) lists it 500 to 750 mg orally every 12 hours for 14 days.

In case you haven’t been following the news, the drug listed above, Ciprofloxacin is also a drug that can treat against Anthrax.  Yeah, one of the bio-weapons that North Korea is believed to have stockpiled…with the capability to deliver to the United States via a missile.

In addition, the shelf-life to the last med is at least 10 years, and it doesn’t need refrigeration.  It is also available as an aquarium med from veterinary pet suppliers without a happy prescription from your smiling, happy, perfect doctor.  So now Mr. and Mrs. Hallmark and family can stock up on something that may help if the pneumonic plague crosses borders and the ocean, as well as picking up something that may be used to treat for anthrax initiated by a war.

Preparation and survival must take into consideration the nature of the disaster that strikes for an apocalyptic/SHTF scenario, but you must also consider what is going on prior to the event… because chances are high that it won’t stop going on!  Outbreaks that are contained will become epidemics when a collapse happens or a nuclear war.  You want to well-round your supply stores with what is needed before you need it.  Be smart, and update your supplies periodically, so that you’re never without a current and working supply of meds.  More information will be published on this outbreak in the near future where we will cover more on the plague and go over some herbal remedies that may help in case you can’t acquire the meds listed here.  JJ out!

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition: Health Alert: Fatal Airborne Transmission of Pneumonic Plague Spreading at Alarming Rate. These Lifesaving Antibiotics are Your Best Defense

About the author:

Jeremiah Johnson is the Nom de plume of a retired Green Beret of the United States Army Special Forces (Airborne). Mr. Johnson was a Special Forces Medic, EMT and ACLS-certified, with comprehensive training in wilderness survival, rescue, and patient-extraction. He is a Certified Master Herbalist and a graduate of the Global College of Natural Medicine of Santa Ana, CA. A graduate of the U.S. Army’s survival course of SERE school (Survival Evasion Resistance Escape), Mr. Johnson also successfully completed the Montana Master Food Preserver Course for home-canning, smoking, and dehydrating foods.

Mr. Johnson dries and tinctures a wide variety of medicinal herbs taken by wild crafting and cultivation, in addition to preserving and canning his own food. An expert in land navigation, survival, mountaineering, and parachuting as trained by the United States Army, Mr. Johnson is an ardent advocate for preparedness, self-sufficiency, and long-term disaster sustainability for families. He and his wife survived Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath. Cross-trained as a Special Forces Engineer, he is an expert in supply, logistics, transport, and long-term storage of perishable materials, having incorporated many of these techniques plus some unique innovations in his own homestead.

Mr. Johnson brings practical, tested experience firmly rooted in formal education to his writings and to our team. He and his wife live in a cabin in the mountains of Western Montana with their three cats.

 

Advertisements

plagueBy Tess Pennington – Ready Nutrition  

Since April 2015, eleven cases of plague have been recorded in the U.S., and three people have died leaving the CDC no other recourse but to issue a warning to alert doctors of potential cases that may arise.

There is a “Heightened Risk”

“It is unclear why the number of cases in 2015 is higher than usual,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says. Many of the cases are occurring in rural and semi-rural areas in the western United States. The report lists two cases in Arizona, one in California, four in Colorado, one in Georgia, two in New Mexico and one in Oregon. The cases in California and Georgia have been linked to areas in or near Yosemite National Park in the southern Sierra Nevada. Dr. Natalie Kwit of the CDC emphasizes, “We don’t want people to panic but we do want them to be aware of the heightened risk.”

USPlague70_12_611_pxWide

plague2000-2014

The CDC has recorded 1006 confirmed or probable human plague cases occurred in the United States between 1900 and 2012. Over 80% of United States plague cases have been the bubonic form. The plague is a rare and dangerous disease caused by the bacterium, Yersinia pestis and passed from humans by infected fleas and rodents typically in the wild. Many may remember how the Black Death killed around 30–60 percent of the population in Europe. These days, the bacteria is typically treated with antibiotics. With many antibiotic resistance strains of bacterias occurring, this begs the question. Will this plague rampantly spread like it once did?

Types of Plague to Look Out For

“Health care providers should consider the diagnosis of plague in any patient with compatible signs or symptoms, residence or travel in the western United States, and recent proximity to rodent habitats or direct contact with rodents or ill domestic animals,” the CDC says in its report.

Although the bubonic plague is the most common form that occurs in the United States, there are three types of the plague to be aware of.

Bubonic plague: Patients develop sudden onset of fever, headache, chills, and weakness and one or more swollen, tender and painful lymph nodes (called buboes). This form usually results from the bite of an infected flea. The bacteria multiply in the lymph node closest to where the bacteria entered the human body. If the patient is not treated with the appropriate antibiotics, the bacteria can spread to other parts of the body.

Septicemic plague: Patients develop fever, chills, extreme weakness, abdominal pain, shock, and possibly bleeding into the skin and other organs. Skin and other tissues may turn black and die, especially on fingers, toes, and the nose. Septicemic plague can occur as the first symptom of plague, or may develop from untreated bubonic plague. This form results from bites of infected fleas or from handling an infected animal.

Pneumonic plague: Patients develop fever, headache, weakness, and a rapidly developing pneumonia with shortness of breath, chest pain, cough, and sometimes bloody or watery mucous. Pneumonic plague may develop from inhaling infectious droplets or may develop from untreated bubonic or septicemic plague after the bacteria spread to the lungs. The pneumonia may cause respiratory failure and shock. Pneumonic plague is the most serious form of the disease and is the only form of plague that can be spread from person to person (by infectious droplets).

How to Prevent the Bubonic Plague

Although the government is closely monitoring the situation, California is actually mapping where the plague is occurring in the state. It is important to note that there is no vaccination of this illness. In the past, many relied on four thieves oil to naturally protect them from this disease, however prevention is the best recourse.

Follow these tips from the CDC:

  1. Reduce rodent habitat around your home, work place, and recreational areas. Remove brush, rock piles, junk, cluttered firewood, and possible rodent food supplies, such as pet and wild animal food. Make your home and outbuildings rodent-proof.
  2. Wear gloves if you are handling or skinning potentially infected animals to prevent contact between your skin and the plague bacteria. Contact your local health department if you have questions about disposal of dead animals.
  3. Use repellent if you think you could be exposed to rodent fleas during activities such as camping, hiking, or working outdoors. Products containing DEET can be applied to the skin as well as clothing and products containing permethrin can be applied to clothing (always follow instructions on the label).
  4. Keep fleas off of your pets by applying flea control products. Animals that roam freely are more likely to come in contact with plague infected animals or fleas and could bring them into homes. If your pet becomes sick, seek care from a veterinarian as soon as possible.
  5. Do not allow dogs or cats that roam free in endemic areas to sleep on your bed.
  6. Remove garbage, clutter, brush and anything that could be a food source for rodents.

How to Prepare for These Type of Diseases

Although the bubonic plague is a relatively rare occurrence, it only emphasizes the need to be prepared. Ensure that you have these items on hand in order to prepare for pandemic-like disasters.

This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition: CDC Puts Doctors on Alert for Bubonic Plague in U.S.

The Prepper's BlueprintTess Pennington is the author of The Prepper’s Blueprint, a comprehensive guide that uses real-life scenarios to help you prepare for any disaster. Because a crisis rarely stops with a triggering event the aftermath can spiral, having the capacity to cripple our normal ways of life. The well-rounded, multi-layered approach outlined in the Blueprint helps you make sense of a wide array of preparedness concepts through easily digestible action items and supply lists.

Tess is also the author of the highly rated Prepper’s Cookbook, which helps you to create a plan for stocking, organizing and maintaining a proper emergency food supply and includes over 300 recipes for nutritious, delicious, life-saving meals.

Visit her web site at ReadyNutrition.com for an extensive compilation of free information on preparedness, homesteading, and healthy living.

Unknown-1

Diseases come and diseases go…rather like fashions, but with diseases it’s the general conditions prevailing at the time that denotes what gets a foothold and what doesn’t. Many diseases are opportunists, they will surface at a time the conditions are right for them to flourish and most often this is at a time when humans really could do with concentrating on other stuff. Here are ten diseases that will make their presence felt after a major, long term disaster, be it war, societal collapse or in some cases even an economic downturn. Click the link to find much more detail about each disease.

1. Typhus: Typhus is spread by the body louse, it’s all around us, prevalent amongst the homeless and those living in unsanitary overcrowded conditions. The only reason we are not all infected with it is our ability to launder our clothes and shower/bathe regularly. History teaches us that typhus loves downturns and has been shown to surge during and after every major crisis be it war or a stock market crash.

2. Typhoid: Not to confused with typhus typhoid is caused by the bacteria salmonella typhi and is spread by contaminated food and water. It spreads quickly in overcrowded and/or unsanitary conditions.

3. Pellagra: Pellagra is caused by a lack of vitamin B3 and was endemic just a few decades ago, Those eating diets with low levels of B3 are at risk of suffering from pellagra. Its a debilitating disease that causes a slow and painful death.

4. Hantavirus: Hantavirus is caused by ingestion of dried mouse droppings that are commonly fund in sheds,cabins etc. It’s a serious disease that will kill if not treated promptly. In a situation where the mouse population can’t be controlled and contact with droppings is more frequent cases of Hantavirus will rise.

5. Bubonic Plague: Plague has two forms, bubonic and pneumonic. Bubonic plague is often fatal if left untreated, pneumonic plague is almost always fatal if left untreated. Both are spread by the bite of a rat flea. As with hantavirus if rodents can’t be kept under control the disease will spread. It causes agonizing swellings, often in the groin or armpits that are full of pus and black in colour, hence being called the black death.

6. Leptospirosis: Sticking with rodents did you know they are incontinent? Everywhere the rodent goes it leaks urine and most rodents carry leptospirosis. It is very common after major freshwater floods as the rodents move to higher and drier ground and come into more contact with humans. treatable with antibiotics but often fatal if not anything that moves rodents nearer people or people nearer rodents will cause an uptick in cases.

7. Chagas Disease: Chagas is caused by the reduviid bug that lives in hardened mud, adobe walls and loose/dirt flooring. It’s endemic in parts of Africa,India and South America. It causes debilitating illness and can lead to lifelong medical problems if not treated early.

8. Food Poisoning: There are many forms of food poisoning, the most lethal of which is Listeria, though it’s closely followed by E.Coli 157. The incidence of food poisoning will rise almost immediately there’s a grid down situation. The lack of refrigeration coupled with the possibility of food not being cleaned or cooked properly will guarantee an uptick in these debilitating and often fatal conditions.

9. Heart Attacks/Strokes: Heart attacks and strokes will surge after a collapse of any kind. Lack of blood pressure medication will cause the death of many but more still will die due to over exertion. They will be undertaking physical tasks they have never done before and for many the strain will simply be too much. Add cold weather to a collapse scenario and the situation is even more dire as the blood becomes cool and sticky and forms small clots that can lead to both heart attacks and strokes.

10. Emerging Diseases: Many new diseases are emerging, or have emerged over the last few years. There is still a great deal to find out about the mode of transmission, susceptibility and pandemic potential of diseases such as MERS-nCV, H5N1 and H7N9 both forms of avian flu, and other zoonotic diseases that pose a threat to humans.

There are quite simply too many diseases that could threaten our survival in a post-collapse world for us to prepare for all of them. The only way you can be sure is to stay away from other people, and make sure other people stay away from you and your group. This is something that may be possible if you live in a low population area and you have enough supplies to hole up until the dust has settled…how ever long that may be. For most people however that’s not an option.

Wearing gloves when out and about, and not touching your nose or face after any form of outside contact will go some way towards preventing the spread of disease.

Have as little physical contact with ‘outsiders’ as possible and consider wearing a face mask or a scarf over your nose and mouth when out and about.

Make sure you remove outer wear, including footwear before re-entering your home.

Check the seams and pockets of your clothes regularly to make sure there are no lice hiding away and inspect you body thoroughly if you have been out mixing with the population at large. Pay particular attention to armpits and groin as body lice favour warm moist areas when they feed.

It’s a good idea to keep a tub of some kind full of bleach water just outside the door so that hands can be washed before entering. Pay particular attention to the area between the fingers and the tips of your fingers.

Stock a huge supply of baby wipes and band aids. Use them if you have to go out and about. Germs can’t do you any harm if they can’t get into you and they usually get in via your mouth and nose or through a break in your skin.

This list, sadly is not exhaustive. In fact it doesn’t even scratch the surface of the diseases that are out there just waiting for a chance to strike. The single most important thing you can do to prevent the spread of disease in a crisis is to keep your hands clean and keep them away from your nose and mouth,

Kids are wonderful little germ factories picking up bacteria and happily spreading it around. Teaching them hand hygiene will help keep you all safe during everyday life…and even more so during a crisis when lack of medical assistance and access to medication means this simple action could be a lifesaver.

Take Care

Liz

Delivered by The Daily Sheeple


Contributed by Lizzie Bennett of Medically Speaking

Marine One, carrying President George W. Bush,... “This article was first published at reThinkSurvival.com.”

The probability spectrum of disasters isn’t anything new but it does bear being reminded of from time to time. In fact, I did not come up with the idea on my own. I’m sure I’ve seen it elsewhere before but the first time I remember hearing of it was from Jack Spirko of TheSurvivalPodcast.com and more recently in this SurvivalistBoards thread.

What is it?

It is simply the act of thinking and planning about emergency situations given the likelihood of them occurring to you. This makes perfect sense to me. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve read on forums or other blogs posts where somebody–usually a prepping newcomer but it could be anyone–talk about a singular threat that they’re sure is going to happen and that everything they want to know is how to prepare for that one event. The threat of an EMP is a prime example.

While I understand how this can happen to someone, it’s completely illogical to think this way. For one, if you’re prepared for life in general then you will most likely be prepared for any disaster that you can deal with and two, preparing for a singular threat is probably not the disaster that’s going to happen to you… it’s just math.

Instead, the best way to prepare yourself and your family is to use the probability matrix, sphere, hierarchy, or whatever you prefer to call it. The thinking is that you should prepare yourself for personal disasters first, local disasters second, regional third, and nationwide (or even worldwide) last. At least, that’s the way I see it.

Still not convinced?

Ask yourself this: does it make more sense to prepare yourself for a job loss (a personal disaster) or pandemic (national disaster)? If you look at the likelihood of these two very distinct scenarios happening to you, I think it’s safe to assume that a job loss is more likely and, therefore, should be prepared for first. Well, that’s the idea, anyway.

Fortunately, many disasters have very common needs, such as water, food, shelter, heating, etc. Sure, some have very specific needs such as an EMP needing appropriate shielding for your gear or a pandemic maybe requiring quality face masks or sheltering in place. But, if you prepare for life in general then you should be fairly well prepared for most anything and, equally important, if you choose to focus on more likely disasters first then you’ll have given yourself the best possible chance for overcoming it.

Here’s the spectrum as I see it and some examples…

  • Personal disasters are the most likely statistically and affect nobody besides you and your family (not even the neighbors). Examples include job loss, injury (requiring serious medical attention or inability to work), home fire, robbery, chronic illness. Prepare for these possibilities first because they’re most likely.
  • Local disasters could be anything that affects your neighborhood or maybe even a city. Perhaps it’s a boil water order or maybe a tornado that wipes out a town (e.g., tornado that hit Greensburg, Kansas a few years ago).
  • Regional disasters are what most people think of when we discuss disasters. These could affect a wide range of people and often result in the declaration of a Presidential Disaster Order. Examples include a hurricane (e.g., Hurricane Sandy) or the winter blizzard that affected the northeast for weeks on end several years ago. They affect a wide range of people.
  • National disasters (or worldwide) are statistically least likely to occur to YOU (in your lifetime) but that doesn’t mean they can’t happen. Examples include a pandemic (e.g., 1918 Spanish flu or the Bubonic Plague that devastated Europe in the Middle Ages) or even the possibility of an EMP from a rouge nation or perhaps the sun. These are the least likely events to occur.

I’m not saying you can’t or should not prepare for a pandemic or EMP, not at all. Just don’t choose to start there if you’re not ready for the more likely scenarios. And, like I said earlier, many of your needs will overlap. Food storage will always be useful if you can’t buy groceries for a few weeks due to a job loss or an EMP wipes out the grid and semi-trucks aren’t hauling goods for months on end.

Hope that helps you get your priorities in order!