Today, we’re looking at the most hostile and unexplored region on the planet: the ocean. It doesn’t get much more terrifying or dangerous than under the sea. We still know so little about this vast expanse. In fact, we know more about the solar system and space than we do our own oceans. The sea has claimed its fair share of victims who failed to act accordingly underwater. Just like any hostile environment, the ocean demands respect. Whether you’re sailing on top, or diving below.
In this post, we’ll teach you how to dive correctly, and avoid the most common mistakes. Diving has a mythical aura about it, but it’s certainly not to be taken lightly. It is fascinating and exciting, but it’s also dangerous. Disorientation is commonplace, and it’s not unusual for divers to lose all sense of where they are. Without further ado, here’s how to survive underwater.
Rule #1: Dive with an expert
The underwater diving community has always maintained the ‘buddy rule’. In other words, always dive with a partner. It’s good for maintaining safe practice, and you can keep an eye on each other. Some diving experts have recently relaxed this rule, and expressed the safety benefits of solo diving. However, this is only for divers with years of experience under their weighted belts. If you’re a newbie, always dive with an experienced expert. Follow their lead.
Rule #2: Get the right gear
You would scale a mountain with dodgy, frayed ropes or a discount snow jacket. So don’t dive without top-of-the-range gear and technology. You’re looking for a high-tech dry suit to start with. Buy the very best you can afford if you expect to use it regularly. Invest in the latest oxygen systems and dive monitoring equipment. You do not want your oxygen and nitrogen monitors to fail. Lastly, if you plan on checking out shipwrecks and established dive sites, load up on underwater lift bags. That way, you can bring things back up to the surface.
Rule #3: Ascend slowly
Any diver’s instinct tells them to head straight for the surface after a long dive. However, this couldn’t be more dangerous. Ascending quickly wreaks havoc with your pressure system, and can cause a lot of damage. Ascend slowly and carefully. The general rule is one foot every two seconds.
Rule #4: Safety stops
A safety stop is a three-four minute rest before your final ascent. You do this at about 15 feet under the surface. The reason for this stop is to ease the decompression process. It gives your body time to release excess nitrogen before going through the biggest pressure change. (Right under the surface).
Rule #5: Equalise
You all know that the pressure changes as you go deeper. This can have a devastating effect on your ears and bodily systems. That’s why you must ‘equalise’ as you go down. The most common method is squeezing your nose, and blowing to ‘pop’ the pressure in your ears.
With these tips, you’re ready to face the ocean. Good luck!