Winter is accompanied by extra risks for injuries and illnesses such as frostbite and hypothermia. There are natural treatments for winter injuries so that if you’re caught with no access to medical treatment, you’ll know what to do to survive.
Frostbite occurs when your extremities are exposed to cold and the tissue actually begins to freeze. This happens because your body is attempting to maintain its core temperature in order to protect vital organs. To do this, it constricts the vessels so that blood isn’t flowing near the surface where it will be cooled.
This means that your extremities aren’t getting the blood flow needed to keep them warm and cells and blood vessels will start to freeze.
There are several different stages of frostbite and the higher the stage, the more likely it is that you’ll sustain permanent damage. This is a serious condition that can quickly get out of control so your best option is to avoid it altogether.
Prevention of frostbite is key if you want to keep all of your body parts. That means keeping your entire body covered and warm. Mittens are better than gloves and waterproof clothing is best. Even mild frostbite causes damage to your tissues. Here are the phases, the symptoms that accompany them and how to treat yourself in order to save the extremity, if possible.
The most common locations of frostbite are your fingers, toes, ears and nose; keep them covered and warm. If you start to notice tingling or a loss of feeling, do whatever you need to do in order to get them warm again!
Stage 1: Frostnip.The first stage of frostbite is frostnip. You’ll notice that the tips of your extremity will start to tingle and will look red. As it progresses it may begin to look white. Your skin may also feel hard. They’ll feel cold and stiff, then go numb. Your epidermis is starting to freeze. If you catch frostbite at this stage and stop it, you won’t suffer any permanent damage. Get inside if possible or build a fire. At least get somewhere dry and out of the wind.