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8 Easy Steps To Growing Grapes In Your Backyard

By JD Lara

Grapes are hardy plants. They grow in many different parts of the world, even in the hot, humid Asian tropics where I live. I remember seeing a vine just growing out of a huge container in my parents’ front yard when I was small, but its fruits were small, green and sour. It was probably the kind used for wine-making.

In the US, many varieties of grapes thrive beautifully. They’re classified into 3 main groups:  American, European and Muscadine. American grapes are cold-hardy, thriving for a short season in areas like the Northeastern states. European types, usually used for wines, grow for long seasons in dry, sunny, Mediterranean-type regions like California or the USDA Zone 7 states.  (There are many hybrids between these 2 types.) Thick-skinned Muscadines are a vigorous, native variety, adapting well to the heat and humidity of the South.

Grapes would be a good addition to any garden. They have lots of uses, from jams to juices, desserts to cereal toppings, or just eating straight off the vine. You could try your hand at wine-making, or drying them into raisins. Not only are they rich in essential vitamins and minerals, they’re also loaded with antioxidants like resveratrol, known to reduce the risk of heart disease, Alzheimer’s and cancer.

Grapevines can provide a leafy green shade on your patio during the summer, or a nice screen from the neighbors on your fence. Growing them organically isn’t difficult. But it does take patience and some level of commitment, says one winery owner in California. But since they are vigorous growers and can thrive for as long as 30 years, with proper care and attention, grapevines can provide you and your children decades of nutritious and delicious satisfaction. They’re also prolific — some varieties can yield up to 15 pounds of fruit per vine. So 2 vines would be enough to support a household of grape-lovers.

New Natural Fertilizer Doubles Garden Production!

Should you decide to grow grapes, several factors would have to be considered.

1. Location. As mentioned above, the local climate will determine which varieties would grow best in your area. Grapes vary in flavor, color, size and texture. Some are sweet and ideal for the table, others are best suited for jellies, juices and wines. Your local agricultural extension office can recommend the exact variety for your region, and whether they’ll be good for table or wine.

2. Sun. Grapes require full sun. If you don’t have a spot in your yard that’s sunny all day, find a place where it can at least receive the morning sun. In northern areas, find a south-facing patch where it can enjoy as much of the summer sun as it can.

3. Air flow.  Good air circulation helps to prevent funguses from attacking your vine.  Find an area away from trees, tall brush or buildings that can block breezes from blowing into your vine.

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4. Water and drainage. A growing vine needs about an inch of rain per week. If your location doesn’t get much rainfall, you’d have to water it. But it doesn’t like getting its roots soaked, either. A gently sloping or hilly terrain would provide perfect drainage.  You may set up a drip irrigation system at the base of your vine so it can get small amounts of water on a regular basis, especially during droughts.

5. Soil. Ideally, your soil should be deep, loose, well-drained and free from weeds and grass. Soil that’s slightly sandy or loamy with a pH just above 7 is best. Mulch it with aged compost. Do not fertilize unless you have problem soil — grapevines don’t require high fertility. As it grows, check if it looks vigorous and healthy, and the leaves dark green. If not, apply a nitrogen fertilizer.

6. Pests. Insects and diseases that afflict grapes vary from one region to another. Warm, humid weather in the East can attract mildew and fungus. Mild winters and cool, wet springs in the Pacific Northwest can cause powdery mildew. In California, the phylloxera is a common pest that attacks the roots; and Pierce’s disease can scorch the leaves and canes. Other potential enemies are aphids, mites and Japanese beetles. Find a variety that has a high resistance to disease so you can minimize problems in the future. For insects, you could spray organic insecticide on aphids and mites. (Ladybugs are a natural consumer of aphids, too, and won’t hurt your vine.) You may just handpick beetles off the leaves, and prevent birds from pecking on fruits with an over-head netting.

7. Training.  Before planting, set up a structural support system to train your grapes. Vines can be grown on a trellis, overhead arbour, or an iron, PVC or wooden post with wire fence or wooden lattice. Young plants often need to be coaxed to grow upwards, which would also help to cut the risk of disease. At planting time, prune the top of a bare-root grapevine back to two or three buds. Trim off any broken roots, or excessive ones longer than 6 inches. You may allow the vine to grow unchecked the first year. During its first winter, select the 2 strongest, longest canes and remove all other growth. The buds along the canes will produce several shoots that will grow leaves and flowers. On the second year, prune back all canes.  Leave a couple of buds on each of the arms. As flower clusters begin to form, remove them as well. Vines should not be allowed to bear fruit in the first 2 years as the weight could damage them. They need to establish their root systems first before they can support the extra weight.

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 8. Regular care.  The secret to growing very productive grapes is good pruning. It’s probably the most important and demanding task you’ll have to do in caring for your vines. Most home gardeners don’t prune grapes enough, resulting in lots of vine growth and little fruiting. Prune yearly when the vines are dormant, around late winter or early spring. Keep a few vines that grew last year, then cut everything else off. Note that fruit is produced from the current season’s growth, which in turn grew from the previous season’s wood. So don’t be afraid to remove up to 90 percent of last season’s growth – your grapes will grow better because of it. Heavy pruning produces the best quality fruit, while light pruning results in large yields of poor quality. Also, if you want to produce bigger fruits, cut off every third bunch the moment they form so that more energy goes into developing the remaining fruits.

The key to growing grapes successfully is choosing vines that will flourish in your climate.  Make sure you buy your vine or cuttings from a reputable nursery. Look for healthy, 1-year-old plants with an even root distribution and symmetrical canes. Try to make sure they’re virus-free stock, and find out if you will need more than one plant for pollination.  Most varieties are self-fertile, though.

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In mild winter areas (USDA Zone 7 and warmer) you can plant your grapevines in late fall or early winter. In colder regions, wait until late winter or early spring when most bare-root varieties are available.

You can expect to harvest good, edible fruits in the third or fourth year, around late summer or early fall. Test their ripeness by picking from different areas and tasting them. Color and size aren’t good indicators of ripeness, so harvest only when they’re as sweet as you’d want them to be. Grapes don’t ripen any further after picking.

You can eat them fresh, store up to a week in the refrigerator, 6 weeks in the cellar, or freeze in zipper bags for use later in smoothies and desserts. My kids relish sweet frozen grapes like popsicles in the summer! I’m sure yours would, too.

What grape-growing tips do you have? Tell us in the comments section below. 

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This article first appeared at Off The Grid News: 8 Easy Steps To Growing Grapes In Your Own Backyard

 

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From Belligerent Politics

Delivered by The Daily Sheeple


Contributed by The Daily Sheeple of www.TheDailySheeple.com.

This content may be freely reproduced in full or in part in digital form with full attribution to the author and a link to www.TheDailySheeple.com.

 

 

By Mark Leberfinger

A daytime fireball was seen across parts of Canada and the northern U.S. on Sunday afternoon.

The sightings occurred about 4:15 p.m. EDT Sunday, according to the American Meteor Society. The society had 34 reports on its website by Monday morning from the Toronto and New York state areas.

The meteor was also seen in Pennsylvania and Vermont, according to the society’s website.

RELATED:
Total Solar Eclipses: How Often Do They Occur and Why?
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It was about 50 to 100 centimeters (1.6 to 3.3 feet) wide, a professor from the Meteor Physics Group at University of Western Ontario, was quoted by the Toronto Star newspaper. It hit the atmosphere with a force between 10 to 20 tons of TNT.

More at AccuWeather: Daytime Fireball Lights Up Canadian, Northeast US Skies

Cliven-Bundy-Range-Wars

By Mac Slavo – SHTFplan.com

Update: [16:00 PST] – This video interview follows reports that up to 5,000 militia members are on their way to Nevada to stand with the Bundy family against massive government overreach. Earlier today Bundy family members and friends broke through the Federal blockade to rescue cattle stuck behind enemy lines.

The man at the center of the dispute, rancher Cliven Bundy, joins Infowars‘ David Knight and Steve Quayle for an exclusive interview to discuss developments at Bunkerville, Nevada where there are now at least 300 Federal law enforcement agents surrounding the Bundy ranch.

According to Cliven Bundy, what’s at issue is that the US government has no right to call the shots over the land, as dictated by the 10th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

Mr. Bundy also notes that he and those arriving in the area are prepared to do whatever it takes to maintain their sovereignty.

The first thing we need to make clear is – who owns this land? That’s really not clear. We have a federal judge that says the United States owns this land. We have the United States Constitution that says Nevada owns this land.

So this is where I’m at… Let’s talk about my grazing fee… who am I supposed to pay my grazing fee to? Constitutional sovereignty of Nevada that owns this land?

No. The one I get the grazing fee bill from is the United States government.

I don’t recognize them having any jurisdiction or authority over this land. 

I do not have a contract with the United States government.

…I urge you, read the Constitution. Those founding fathers laid out how we’re supposed to act. They have all the answers already laid out for us. Why don’t we live that Constitution and be happy in America?

I know what I’m going to do. I’m going to do whatever it takes. The public and the protesters here… I think are ready to do whatever it takes, too.

In other words, this thing’s not gonna’ get over tomorrow. We’re going to fight until we win this and get our public lands back.


(Watch at Youtube)

This is a developing situation. 

Stay tuned for more information as it becoms available via SHTFplan.com, The Daily Sheeple, Infowars, Steve Quayle, et. al.

Update: Word on the street from sources close to the militia movement is that up to 5,000 armed militia members will be arriving in Bunkerville, Nevada sometime today. (See full report below)

SHTFplan.com Editor’s Note: It is apparent that the Federal government was under the impression that they could simply move into the ranch land surrounding Bunkerville, NV and have their way with the property and livelihood of the Bundy family. What they didn’t count on was the outcry from Americans across the country. And now things may be headed to the next level. As Kim Paxton of The Daily Sheeple notes, citizen militias in several states have been called up. Many members of those organizations are taking up arms and are making their way to Nevada.

And it’s not just the citizen militias that are preparing to take action. The governor of Nevada has officially condemned the federal government’s actions, though he has yet to take any steps afforded to him under State law. Sheriff Richard Mack of Gilbert, Arizona has weighed in and calls the actions “terrorism.”

At last count there were some 200 federal agents from various agencies on the ground in Nevada and it appears that hundreds, perhaps thousands, of armed militia members will soon arrive to confront them.

The Federal government will no doubt step up their efforts, as they are facing the possibility of a widespread rebellion resulting from their actions against a private citizen whose only “crime” was to graze his cattle on the land his family has used for this purpose for over a century. It would not be at all surprising to see the President of the United States call up National Guard troops and more militarized law enforcement officials for fear of having this spiral out of control. A declaration of martial law to go along with already established First Amendment Areas is not out of the question.

We may well be on the cusp of a serious stand-off involving thousands of people. Keep in mind that most of them will be armed.

Given the circumstances, things could turn very bloody very quickly.

American-Standoff---2014


Delivered by The Daily Sheeple

bunkerville nv

An area just outside of the little town of Bunkerville, Nevada, with a population of around a thousand people, may go down in history. This little spot in the desert may be compared with Lexington, Massachusetts, the site of the “shot heard round the world” – the first shot fired in the American Revolution. Because it looks like the second American Revolution may start there…and soon.

Yesterday, The Daily Sheeple reported that tensions were running high outside of Bunkerville. It seems that the US government, in all of their infinite wisdom, has declared war on a cattle rancher named Cliven Bundy.

In a stand-off that has been likened to Ruby Ridge and Waco, the federal government has now deployed armed agents in a case of what the U.S. Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has deemed “trespass cattle,” escalating a 20-year battle over grazing rights and what actually constitutes “public land” use in Southern Nevada.

Cliven Bundy, a 67-year-old rancher says his family has worked the 600,000-acre Gold Butte area since the late 1800s and that they were there well before the government’s Land Management Bureau ever came along. (source)

Armed federal officers have arrived to steal Bundy’s cattle and close down the land he is using. What’s more, they have declared a zone around the area to be free of the restrictions of the Constitution, specifically, the First Amendment right to assemble and speak freely. They’d like to keep their reprehensible actions quiet and out of the public eye. It’s really difficult to mow down a bunch of protesters ala Waco with the whole world watching.

Yesterday, tensions began to rise even further and numerous protestors were tazed and assaulted. (You can see the actions of those brave BLM officers on this video HERE).

It looks like tensions will rise even further because Americans have had enough.

Militias have been mobilised. It’s going to get real.

Bundy may be facing down a bunch of armed federal thugs but he’s going to be backed up by militia members from across the country.

This is the day that Patriots have been talking about and training for. They will not stand down.

CBS reports that militias from Texas, Montana, Utah, New Hampshire, and Florida will be standing with Bundy against the Bureau of Land Management.

If you aren’t a combatant, this doesn’t mean that you can’t participate in this revolt against tyranny. This is a call to action.

Here are the pertinent email addresses and phone numbers:

  • Bureau Of Land Management Phone Number:  (202) 208-3801
  • Brian Sandoval Email Contact Form- http://gov.nv.gov/Contact/Governor/
  • Brian Sandoval – Carson City Phone # – (775) 684-5670
  • Brian Sandoval Las Vegas Phone # -(702) 486-2500
  • Senator Dean Heller Contact Form
  • Phone #’s For Heller – Reno: 775-686-5770/ Las Vegas: 702-388-6605/ Washington: 202-224-6244
  • Sheriff Douglas Gillespi – (702) 828-3231 or (702) – 828 – 3111
  • Email: Sheriff@lvmpd.com

(source)

Share information in support of these people who refuse to stand idly by while theft, violence, and tyranny occurs at the hands of the government. If we all spread the word, there is no way that another Ruby Ridge or Waco can quietly occur. We can combat the disinformation spouted by the mainstream media by publishing REAL photos, REAL videos, and REAL accounts of what is happening. We can keep the communication open and tell the world what the United States government is doing to its own people.

Share this and other stories through email, through social media, through links in the comments sections of mainstream news sites. Whatever you do, don’t wait for someone else to take action. Now is the time to speak up for liberty. Make this story too viral for the mainstream to ignore. Do not allow these brave people staring down the barrel of a gun to do so without our support.

The Bureau of Land Management has picked up a snake by the tail, and it looks like that snake is going to bite.

blm nevada

Delivered by The Daily Sheeple


Contributed by Kimberly Paxton of www.TheDailySheeple.com.

Kimberly Paxton, a staff writer for The Daily Sheeple, is based out of upstate New York. You can follow Kimberly on Facebook and Twitter.

blmprotest

The video, uploaded to YouTube earlier today by GMN Telemedia, shows a tense stand off between protesters and Bureau of Land Management officers and their K-9s in the ongoing cattle dispute in Southern Nevada.

Not only were tasers deployed on at least one of the protesters, but a 57-year-old mother of 11 battling cancer discusses being thrown to the ground for taking pictures.

Delivered by The Daily Sheeple


Contributed by The Daily Sheeple of www.TheDailySheeple.com.

This content may be freely reproduced in full or in part in digital form with full attribution to the author and a link to www.TheDailySheeple.com.