Recreation

All posts tagged Recreation

definition-of-survival

By Ken Jorgustin

To survive under difficult or threatening circumstances requires a set of instincts, knowledge and actions working together for success.

Don’t be fooled into thinking it’s a simple thing…
 
S ize Up the Situation
Size Up the Situation, Surroundings, your Physical Condition, and your Equipment.

U se All Your Senses, Undue Haste Makes Waste
You may make a wrong move when you react quickly without thinking or planning.

R emember Where You Are
Always try to determine how your location relates to ‘the enemy’, ‘friendlies’, local water sources, and areas that will provide cover.

V anquish Fear and Panic
The greatest enemies in a survival situation are fear and panic.

I mprovise
No matter how complete a survival kit you have with you, it will run out or wear out after a while. Your imagination must take over when your kit wears out.

V alue Living
Stubbornness, a refusal to give in to problems and obstacles that face you, will give you the mental and physical strength to endure.

A ct Like the Natives
The natives and animals of a region have adapted to their environment. To get a feel of the area, watch how the people go about their daily routine. Learn how to adapt to their (humans and animals) environment and increase your chances of survival.

L ive by Your Wits, But for now… Learn Basic Skills
Survival training reduces fear of the unknown and gives you self-confidence. It teaches you to live by your wits. Learn these basic skills now–not when you are headed for or are in the ‘battle’.

 
Pattern For Survival
Develop a survival pattern that lets you beat the enemies of survival. This survival pattern must include food, water, shelter, fire, first aid, and signals – placed in order of importance.

For example, in a cold environment, you would need a fire to get warm, a shelter to protect you from the (cold, wind, and rain or snow), a means to get food, a means to signal for help (if you’re looking for it), and first aid to maintain health.

If injured, first aid has top priority no matter what climate you are in.

Change your survival pattern to meet your immediate physical needs as the environment changes around you. – Modern Survival Blog

Adapt.

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zombie-survival-header

By Brian Meyer

Everyone loves a good zombie movie. With zombies on TV, in the movies, and just about everywhere else, you might suspect that the zombie apocalypse has already started.

In reality, though, zombies are just a work of fiction. There are more than enough scenarios out there to worry about that actually have a chance of happening. There are some people out there prepping for just such an outbreak, but while this is pretty far-fetched, there are some solid prepping skills to be learned from zombie preppers and zombie movies.

1. Weapons

zombie-survival-weapons

If you’re familiar with zombie movies or TV shows like The Walking Dead you know that ammunition will run out at some point. The big difference between movies and real life here is that the starts of the movie pick up hand weapons and just magically know how to use them, the truth couldn’t be farther from this idea.

Learning any weapon takes time and practice. Too many preppers spend all their time learning how to shoot and ignore bladed and blunt hand weapons. Learn how to properly wield a machete, sword, or even a basic knife if a self-defense class and you’ll be much better rounded in any situation that a weapon is needed.

With learning hand weapons, make sure you learn all there is about firearms as well. A good reloading class can mean the difference between having ammo and running out. Guns are still important, but other weapons can be just as necessary, especially when the ammo runs out.

2. Mobility

zombie-survival-mobility

If you subscribe to the slow, lumbering zombie idea then you know that zombies generally only kill people when they let themselves get cornered or don’t have a good escape plan. Even though the real risk of zombies is pretty low, this idea is still important.

You need to know how to escape where you currently are, and should have at least two ways of doing it. Make sure you can be mobile as quickly as possible using both motorized and foot travel.

Keep all of your gas tanks as full as possible during daily use. You don’t want to be running from zombies or looters in a car with an empty fuel tank. When things go bad, you don’t want to be one of those people waiting in line at a gas station, fully open to attack. In an emergency where cars still work gas equals freedom and safety.

3. Defense

zombie-survival-defense

Some say the best offense is a good defense, and in this situation it’s totally correct. Zombies are fairly silent when alone, which makes it easy for them to sneak up on unsuspecting survivors and bite them. The same goes for looters and other people that can harm you or your family, minus the biting, maybe.

Wherever you are, set up a good perimeter defense and warning system. Make sure there’s at least something to warn you of attack. That could be trip wires tied to cans that rattle, or someone watching a road for travel on it. Ideally a combination of these is the best option.

Make sure you have a defense plan before you need to enact it, too. Think of the situation like you were a zombie or looter and think how you would approach. BE aware of what direction civilization is, as most people will come from that direction, and always look behind you.

4. Operational Security

zombie-survival-opsec

In this situation OpSec is less about letting others know your plans and more about protecting what you have. Don’t let your full defenses show unless absolutely necessary. Keep as quiet as possible and keep warning signs like smoke as invisible as you can.

In the movies a zombie can easily hear for a mile and will alert his friends that there’s a buffet waiting for them. The same goes for regular people in survival situations, too. If you’re in a valley that carries sound, you should be aware of that. You’ll need to make a fire at some point, so try to hide the smoke as much as possible.

Keep yourself and your survival as close to the vest as possible and less people will know you’re out there, which is a good thing no matter if the other people are alive or the walking dead.

5. Water and Food

zombie-survival-food

There isn’t a disaster scenario in which water and food isn’t important. The CDC even has a zombie preparedness page that, while far-fetched, has valuable information in it. In a zombie outbreak, water and food supplies could become tainted, making it very valuable for you to have your own saved up.

Replace “zombie outbreak” in that sentence with any other disaster and it still rings true. You should make a survival plan and store up enough food and water to work around that plan.

Natural disasters happen a little more frequently than zombie outbreaks, so planning food and water to get you through one of these is the best idea, and it’ll even help with zombies. Just like with having a full gas tank, you don’t want to be that person running for the grocery store when something bad happens. When times get tough most people get ruthless, and honestly, almost zombie-like. Keep yourself out of a potentially bad situation and have your water and food stores already set before you need them.

Wrap-Up

The idea of the dead walking the streets looking for brains to eat is indeed a scary idea, and for the sake of preparedness you shouldn’t rule anything out, but you’re far more likely to be in a survival situation with less supernatural beginnings and more explainable ones. This doesn’t change the need for prepping, however.

If you want to prep for a zombie outbreak, I say go for it, as long as you’re planning smartly and with other scenarios in mind, you’ll be as safe as possible. – SurvivalBased

compass

By Jeremy Knauff

The compass has been a tool of great importance for centuries. Every navigator considered it a crucial part of his or her arsenal, and for good reason. The world is a big place, after all, and one can become easily lost without the ability to find the four cardinal points. As technology has evolved the compass has seen various adjustments in size, utility, and efficiency. Today’s mobile phones are even capable of performing the duty of a compass. A wise route-finder, however, will want to recognize that such a medium is readily prone to elemental damage. Real compasses are still the most reliable option. There are three traditional archetypes available for staying on course today:

Lensatic compass

Lensatic CompassThe most robust style on the market; a lensatic compass can withstand formidable abuse. The majority come with aluminum framing—preventing rust—and particularly durable plastic protecting the instrument itself. Adding to the virtual immunity to elemental damage, these models often offer photo-luminescent technology enabling visibility in low-level lighting conditions. The lensatic sight can also be used to determine an objective’s exact bearing. This is the most dependable model for the survivalist – made apparent by its ubiquitous tradition amongst armed forces units. These benefits do not come without a price, however, as the user must sacrifice utility for a rather unwieldy size. This is not a compass that can be tightly compacted and slipped into a small space. Though its immense utility certainly makes up for any shortcomings.

Map compass

Map CompassThe map compass is very refined and primarily designed to permit extreme precision. These models tout a protractor feature and a transparent base. When used in conjunction with a map, the protractor enables a taking of bearings directly from the paper itself. The rectangular shape can make this model cumbersome if it becomes awkwardly positioned in a large pocket, but its flattened side-profile certainly offers advantages of its own – permitting storage in tight pouches. Nearly all models of map compass will have a lanyard; this permits an easy method of attachment via jacket button holes or belt loops whilst carrying.

Compact compass

Compact CompassThe advantage of a compact compass is that, by its very nature, it is designed around being easy-to-store and carry with you. The quality isn’t going to be nearly so great as the other options, but will be quite sufficient for the novice outdoorsman, or suburban enthusiast. The main function of this model is to provide you with an ordinary bearing, and it performs that function adequately. With the compact compass there is no ability to finely determine direction, but that is seldom a problem for those who are engaging in day trips of no more than a few miles, occasional campers, or hunters.

The type of compass you choose will be entirely up to your individual requirements. There are numerous models available that almost universally fall into one of the three above-listed varieties. Each has their strengths and weaknesses, but all are effective. – How To Survive It

Tip-up

Read the entire series! Part 1

 By Josh

Previously we discussed some of the methods commonly used for ice fishing when you have the luxury of being there and tending to the line. In this post, we’re going to look at how to build and use a tool known as a tip-up that helps to “watch” your fishing hole for you.

Many designs, but all with a similar principle

The basic idea of a tip-up is a mechanism that can do two things:

  1. Hold onto your line for you until a fish grabs it, whereupon it will spool line off of the reel.
  2. Once a fish begins pulling on the line, it will tip up a flag, ring a bell, or give some other indication that a fish is on the line.

Any contraption that you can build and put on the ice that accomplishes these two tasks will suffice for a tip-up. You can setup multiple tip-ups at different areas and depths in the lake or pond in a survival situation, but be aware that in any other case your local government may have a limit on how many you can have working a single lake.

Tip-ups have the advantage of only requiring your help to keep the ice hole clear and to pull in fish once caught. The disadvantage is that you may lose stronger fish that could have been easily caught with a manual fishing style, and tip-ups are fairly obvious indications of human presence complete with obvious flags and ringing bells. If you’re trying to be discrete and only need a few fish at a time, stick with the pole but if you need large amounts of fish tip-ups increase can vastly your catch.

Types of Tip-Ups

Beaver_Dam_Tipup

  • Rectangular Tip-Ups (sometimes known as a Beaver Dam design) lie flat on the ice above the hole and have string wrapped around a small spool that is actually placed into the hole. As the spool turns, it loosens the flag until it tips up and alerts you. These are simple to make at home and extremely stable on the ice, but they do tend to get lost if snow actually drifts over the lake. For a preparedess minded person, they have a low profile that is easy to hide when the flag isn’t up, making them very discreet.
  • The rounded hole tip-up design actually fits in the hole and uses a similar spool spinning mechanism to the Rectangular tip-ups. The key difference here is that since the device itself is placed at the top of the hole it can help keep it from freezing over in the short term, though some fishermen have complained that if left for a day or more they can freeze in place overnight, making them difficult to remove without damaging them.
  • The “Classic” design is one that is extremely light, simple and portable. Made of three pieces of wood held together with butterfly nuts, the classic is unfolded by loosening the nuts and formed into a rough “T” shape. Rather than relying on the spinning motion of the spool, the flag is released when the line is pulled off of a hook by the fish, releasing the flag to tip-up and become visible. These are generally very cheap to purchase, easy to setup, and extremely portable. However, they can be toppled over if improperly setup and do not keep the hole clear.

Each of them has different uses and all are suitable for a survival situation. If purchasing I recommend focusing on durability since these tip-ups tend to be made of portable, light materials such as thinner wood and plastic that can break easily on lower quality models. If properly cared for, however, a durable tip-up can last for many fishing seasons and provide you with a bounty of fish. – Prepared For That

Your Thoughts?

Would you buy a tip-up or build one for yourself? Would you use a tip-up in the first place? Let us know in the comments below!

concealed carry drill

By Ben W – Off The Grid News

You’ve chosen to carry a weapon concealed for your personal protection and that of your family.  But you’ve eschewed specialized training and chosen instead to rely upon your personal knowledge, the stuff you have read in written self-defense and firearm publications, and the common sense that has gotten you to this point in the first place. After all, mama didn’t raise a fool. You’ve been pretty successful at staying alive to this point, so the following is intended as a basic guideline to enhance your current set of skills.

The following is what I call the 30-round defensive shooting scenario. Grab an IDPA target, 60 or 90 rounds and get to the range. If you can get someone to time your shooting, it’s helpful (specifically if they have a stopwatch or a competition timer). This helps keep you on your toes and gives you effective training.

This type of training is a live-fire exercise and should be performed where you can shoot without concerns for safety (and only after you are confident in your safety protocols). You can perform these drills with a revolver or a semi-auto handgun. Just make sure to have reloads to practice that aspect of your defensive shooting.

Drill 1

Take a position at 5 yards with a low-ready position (unholstered). This drill is not to specify that you ought to use a headshot at this range, but rather to help you learn target acquisition at a short range quickly and with a good focus and size range. You will want to shoot within 1.5 seconds to hit the target in the triangle or head region from a ready position. Repeat the shot 3 times to get comfortable with it before moving on.

Drill 2

Position at 5 yards with a 2-second window from a holstered, semi-ready position to simply focus on drawing and firing at the triangle (the area in the upper chest to nose region), or the headshot. Same area of focus (triangle/head) and you will also repeat this for a total of three shots.

Continue reading at Off The Grid News: 10 Drills To Make You A Skilled Concealed Carrier

training-courses-header

By Brian Meyer

Prepping is more than having a room full of food and supplies, it’s also about skills. All the food, weapons, and supplies in the world will only get you so far if you don’t have the skills for survival. A first-aid kit is great, but if you don’t know how to perform first aid, it loses most of its usefulness.

There are classes available all around the country that help with learning the skills needed for survival, and most aren’t even listed as survival, but just as quality of life skills everyone should know. Check out the list of the top ten training courses you should be taking right now and learn a new skill.

1. Red Cross First Aid and CPR

 red-cross-training

These classes can literally be a lifesaver. Taking a first aid class can give you the skills you need to survive and not only help yourself but also help others.

The class involves learning how to respond to common first aid emergencies including burns, cuts, and injuries to the head, neck, and back. If you have kids there is a pediatric version available, too.

Along with first aid are classes on CPR. These can help teach you the proper way to give someone CPR, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Trying to do this without the proper knowledge is a good way to kill someone, so make sure you take the time now to learn the proper way.

2. LDS (Mormon) Canning Classes

canning-skills

No matter your religious beliefs, the Mormons are often glad to help teach the art of preserving and canning food. The storing of food for emergencies is a belief they hold closely, so it’s no wonder that they are skilled in the art of canning.

Visit a LDS Cannery close to you for classes and information. Most are free and open to the public with an appointment. Check out this site for a list of LDS Cannery locations.

3. ARRL Amateur Radio

amateur-radio-survival

When the SHTF it’s not likely that there will be cell phone or even landline service for the foreseeable future, which means alternate forms of communication will be vital to survival.

Learning the art of amateur radio operation now can give you an interesting hobby as well as give you the skills you need to communicate in grid-down situations. The ARRL association for Amateur Radio is a great place to learn what you need to be skilled at using amateur radios as well as get certified so you can legally operate one today.

4. NRA Gun Training

 nra-gun-class

The National Rifle Association, or NRA, offers a variety of gun classes ranging from basic gun training and hunting, to youth programs and even gunsmithing. If you’re serious about security and safety in regard to firearms, these should be the classes you take.

Having a gun isn’t enough to protect you and your family. You need to know how to use it safely and correctly as well. Learn these skills now and you’ll be much better off when you need to use them.

5. Spinning/Weaving Classes

spinning-weaving

In a survival situation it’s a pretty safe bet that the Wal-Marts and malls will be out of business. This means any clothes you need will have to come from yourself or bartered for. Learning how to make your own clothes and to do repairs on the ones you have is just as necessary as any other skill you prepare to use.

There are tons of local clubs and community college classes that will teach this, so your best bet is to look at the local community college or community center for a class. This will probably cost a few bucks, but it’ll be money well spent.

6. Candle and Soap Making

candles-soap

Making your own candles and soaps can be a fun hobby to have, and can even be a great gift idea for friends and family. The best part about this is that when the SHTF you’ll be able to make your own soap and candles to keep you and your family clean and well lit.

You can learn how to make soap and candles from sites on the Internet as well as at local craft stores.

7. Gardening Classes

garden-club

In long-term survival situations you’ll need to know how to grow a variety of fruits and vegetables to keep your food supplies stocked. You can even use these skills now to help build up your food stores by canning the leftovers.

These classes and clubs should be fairly easy to find by checking out a local community center or community college. There are more than enough books and sites on the Internet about gardening as well. National Geographic even has a special on how to make a secret, hidden survival garden, a real plus for survival situations where you want your food hidden.

8. Backpacking Club

backpacking

Knowing how to properly backpack and camp is a skill that will be invaluable in survival situations. There is far more to backpacking that walking around the woods with a large backpack on. By joining a backpacking club you can gain skills and information that you might not pick up on by reading alone. Best of all, you get to talk to other backpackers and see what skills they have.

Check out local community centers and outdoor shops for information on clubs and classes. Some retailers will offer classes free of charge to members or even the general public.

9. FEMA/CERT Training

fema-cert-training

FEMA/CERT training is what people that do emergency response and rescue take to make sure their skills are up to any challenge. These are great for the average prepper, too, as you will need to be your own emergency response unit when things go bad.

Check out FEMA’s website for more information and training manuals. These should be a great place to start.

10. Shop Class for Adults

adult-shop-class

Most community colleges offer some form of shop class or industrial skills class that you can sign up for and take. These usually cost a fee, but in them you can learn everything from welding to auto repair to woodworking.

Take as many of these classes as you can, as the money you invest will come back to you in both the short and long term. Immediately you can use these skills to help around the house and in the future you can not only care for your own house, but also barter and trade your skills to get things you need while helping your neighbor.

Wrap-Up

There are probably a hundred more skills you can learn to help survive, but these are a great place to get started. Too often prepping with food, weapons, and general supplies overshadow the most important part of a survival plan: yourself.

Improve yourself as much as you can now while information is easily accessible. When things get bad, you’ll have a much harder time finding someone to teach you these skills, and the thought of using the Internet to find your answers will be a dream. – Survival Based

Ice_Fishing

By

Finding food in winter can be difficult as most forage has rotted away or been stripped by hungry animals. However, beneath the frozen surface of many lakes lies a bounty of delicious fish swimming slowly near the murky bottom. The specialized techniques of ice fishing can help you tap into this food source, if you have the proper tools.

The Essentials

For ice fishing you can’t just find a convenient hole and plop down your standard pole and line, you need certain tools designed for ice fishing. These include:

A manual augur like this one is extremely useful for punching through thick ice.

  • Ice fishing pole. These are different from standard poles, as they are shorter and designed to give you a better feel for the lighter tugs of lethargic, half-frozen fish. Technically you can fish with a regular pole if all else fails, but ice poles are fairly cheap and the inconveniences of using the wrong kind of pole can result in unacceptable lost catches.
  • The skimmer. This is essential, as this tool is needed to scoop out rubble from drilled holes and to pull out ice as it begins to form over your new fishing spot. Essentially a sieve with a long handle, skimmers are generally very cheap and you would do well to stock several for emergency use.
  • For true survival fishing, a convenient tool known as a tip-up could be a lifesaver. Basically it is a contraption that allows for passive fishing, since it will help hold the fish on the line for you until you have the chance to investigate. They are often equipped with flags or bells that activate when the line on the tip-up is pulled, and you can easily setup multiple ice holes with tip-ups for maximum fishing efficiency.

Optionally you can also purchase or build an ice hut, which is a mobile building designed to be placed over an ice hole in order to block the wind and snow for additional comfort. Although this would be helpful in reducing instances of frostbite or hypothermia, it also leaves a much more obvious footprint while it is present which could tip off other people to your presence.

How to ice fish

Ice fishing is generally pretty simple once you have the process down. There is an element of risk, however if you do not take the proper precautions.

  1. Select a lake. Generally speaking you will need at least 4 inches of solid ice in order to have sufficient thickness to stand on it for a long time and fish. If you have a heavy wooden shelter, you will require roughly 7-12 inches of solid ice. Beware of ice with the proper depth that is extremely fragile and crackly, known as “rotten ice”, that can give way even with proper thickness. In a pinch, many fishermen will use rotten ice that is twice as thick as normal ice, so a person would need 8 inches of rotten ice and a wooden shelter 14-24 inches. I would not recommend fishing on rotten ice, period as the danger during a survival situation is far too great. A 6 inch hole will do you just fine.
  2. Set your bait and put your line down into the hole. Baits in frozen waters are generally artificial, as the chill will rapidly slow worms and grubs. When setting the depth of your bait, there are 3 schools of thought. First, you should place the bait about 3 feet below the ice. Second, place the bait about 6-9 feet below the ice. Thirdly (and most commonly) place the bait a couple feet above the bed of the lake. Each of these techniques are suitable for various kinds of fish, but many will allow that the lakebed is often teeming with fish when compared to the upper layers making it a good safe bet.
  3. Wait. Ice fishing is no different from fishing in warmer seasons. You will have a lot of waiting to do on the ice as you feel for the light tugs of the fish. Be aware that most fish in frozen lakes are very lethargic and they will not tug as sharply on your hook as you may be used to.
  4. Once you have a fish on the line, allow it to fight until you can easily pull its head into the ice hole. You don’t want to be trying to fight the fish in the hole if possible, so let it tucker itself out in the open waters underneath. Once it is in the ice hole, pull it out rapidly onto the ice so that it doesn’t get caught in the hole.
  5. Enjoy your fresh catch! Typical ice fish treasures include pan fish (which as we’ve noted previously are also less likely to ingest poisonous materials)

In the next installment we will discuss using a tip-up, as well as the different kinds available on the market. Until then, you can use these techniques to collect a nice batch of fish for the pan even in a winter survival situation. – Prepared For That

Your Thoughts?

Have you ever ice fished before? Would you be willing to walk out onto the ice and drill away for a meal? Let us know in the comments below!