All posts for the month May, 2015

Baked Alaska

 Acquired May 17 – 24, 2015 download large image (8 MB, JPEG, 5236×3491)

Earth Observatory

In the third week of May, it was warmer in Fairbanks, Alaska, than in Washington, D.C. The small town of Eagle, Alaska, was hotter on May 23 than it has been on any day in Houston or Dallas this year. In what has become a frequent occurrence in the past few years, temperature profiles in North America appeared to be upside down.

The map above shows North American land surface temperatures from May 17–24, 2015, compared to the 2001–2010 average for the same eight-day period. Shades of red depict areas that were hotter than the long-term average; areas in blue were below average for the week. White pixels were normal, and gray pixels did not have enough data, most likely due to excessive cloud cover.

This temperature anomaly map is based on data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite. Observed by satellites uniformly around the world, land surface temperatures (LSTs) are not the same as air temperatures. LSTs reflect the heating of the land surface by sunlight and they can sometimes be significantly hotter or cooler than air temperatures. (To learn more about LSTs and air temperatures, read: Where is the Hottest Place on Earth?)

On May 23, the air temperature at Fairbanks International Airport reached 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius), breaking the record of 80°F (26.7°C) from 2002. That same day, thermometers hit 91°F (32.8°C) in Eagle, marking the earliest 90-degree day in state history. The town had nine consecutive days above 80°F. In Barrow, Alaska, on the shores of the Arctic Ocean, temperatures climbed to 47°F on May 21, close to 18°F above normal. Temperatures normally do not reach that high until mid-June.

To the south and east, at least 12 temperature records were set in Canada’s Yukon and Northwest Territories. Temperatures in Faro reached 81.3°F (27.4°C), 14°F (7.5°C) above the old record. With humidity levels between 10 and 20 percent, civil agencies warned of wildfire. At least 31 fires were reported in the Yukon alone as of May 24.

According to several meteorologists, the unseasonable heat wave has been caused by a kinked jet stream that is sending air masses in a more north-south flow than the more typical east-west direction. The pattern of the jet stream may be related to atmospheric waves and circulation stirred up by the remnants of Typhoons Noul and Dolphin.

The global view of land surface temperatures for May 17–24 (below) reflects cooler temperatures in eastern Canada, where vineyards lost some of their crop due to late-season frost. In the southwestern United States, cooler temperatures and data gaps reflect the persistent cloud cover and rainfall over much of the area.

acquired May 17 – 24, 2015 download large image (1 MB, JPEG, 2250×1125)

Around the world in southern Asia, however, the LST map shows its limitations. India has also been caught in a heat wave. However, the MODIS sensor did not observe a single cloud-free day across the entire country in the eight-day period. Cloudy patches on different days over different parts of the country may have caused the heat signal to be smoothed out. It is also possible that warm, humid air masses were more responsible for the heat wave than direct solar heating of the ground. Either way, daytime land surface temperatures did not register as anomalous compared to other years.

References and Related Reading

CBC News (2015, May 24) Yukon’s record breaking temperatures enter second week. Accessed May 26, 2015.

CBC News (2015, May 26) Temperature plunge leaves Ontario vineyards scrambling to prevent crop damage. Accessed May 26, 2015.

Fairbanks Daily News Miner (2015, May 24) Record-high temperatures in Interior Alaska; crews keep a lid on wildfires. Accessed May 26, 2015.

National Weather Service, Fairbanks, Alaska (2015, May 24) Public Information Statement. Accessed May 26, 2015.

The Washington Post (2015, May 26) Alaska recorded it’s hottest temperature so early in the season Memorial Day weekend. Accessed May 26, 2015.

The Washington Post (2015, May 22) Record heat roasts parts of Alaska, where it’s warmer than Washington, D.C. Accessed May 26, 2015.

The Weather Channel (2015, May 25) Barrow, Alaska: The Last Place You’d Expect to Find Record Warmth. Accessed May 26, 2015.

NASA Earth Observatory maps by Joshua Stevens, based on land surface temperature anomaly data from the NASA Earth Observations (NEO) Website. Caption by Mike Carlowicz.


Terra – MODIS

Source: NASA Earth Observatory – Baked Alaska


By Suspicious0bservers

Published on May 31, 2015

Observing the Frontier Conference:…

Discussing Earthquakes with Kongpop:…

South Cal Tsunami Threat:…
WUWT Article:…
Deep Quakes Paper:…
Hubbard Glacier:…

Earth’s Magnetic Reversal:…
Top 6 Climate Change Problems:…
Sun Series:…
Discussing Earthquakes with Kongpop:…
10 Amazing Solar Eruptions:…

Aerial image of the harbour area of Kuchinoerabujima island hit by the pyroclastic flow (JMA)

Kuchinoerabu-jima (Ryukyu Islands): So far, the volcano has remained calm so far, although a new explosion remains a possibility and the highest alert level 5 (evacuation) remains in place.
All islanders have been evacuated and there are no reports of fatalities.
The Japanese Meteorogical Agency (JMA) believes that the eruption, which occurred at 09:59 local time, was phreatomagmatic in origin. A local earthquake occurred just under a minute before the explosion.
The height of the eruption plume was given as 9 km. The pyroclastic flow that traveled northwest from the vent reached the western shore near the Pink Beach area, next to the harbour.

Continue reading at Volcano Discovery: Volcanoes Today, 31 May 2015: Kuchinoerabu-Jima Volcano

By  – AccuWeather

Violent thunderstorms will erupt across parts of the mid-Atlantic as this unusually warm and dry May comes to a close.

The greatest threat for the strong thunderstorms on Sunday afternoon lies from Connecticut and Pennsylvania to eastern West Virginia and the I-81 corridor of Virginia. The threat zone also trails southward to the North Carolina mountains.

Hartford, Connecticut; Poughkeepsie, New York; Allentown, Harrisburg and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Bluefield, West Virginia; Hagerstown, Maryland; Roanoke and Winchester, Virginia; and Asheville, North Carolina, are among the communities at risk.

More continued coverage at AccuWeather: Violent Thunderstorms to End May in Mid-Atlantic

AccuWeather Severe Weather Center
Northeast Interactive Radar
Top 20 Worst Mosquito Cities in US: Summer Heat, Rain Spur Mosquito Activity


Earthquake list: past 24 hours (only M>=2.5) (125 quakes)

Source: Volcano Discovery

Updated: Sun, 31 May 15:46 UTC (GMT)

Time Mag. / Depth Nearest volcano (distance) Location Map Source
Sun, 31 May (69 earthquakes)
Sun, 31 May 15:40 UTC M 4.6 / 10 km – [info] (0 km) Seram, Indonesia


Sun, 31 May 15:27 UTC M 2.5 / 26 km – [info] (171 km) OFFSHORE BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO


Sun, 31 May 14:19 UTC M 2.9 / 104 km – [info] (215 km) SAN JUAN (Argentina)


Sun, 31 May 13:11 UTC M 3.0 / 56 km – [info] (107 km) SOUTHERN GREECE


Sun, 31 May 13:02 UTC M 4.1 / 11.9 km – [info] (63 km) Southern California


El Cajon (United States) (78 km SW from epicenter)(no details): Felt a little movement but not much. (via EMSC)
Inglewood (United States) (205 km W from epicenter)(no details): It woke me up out of my sleep and family members woke up also. We though it was a truck but it was too loud for a truck. Everybody was wondering if it was an earthquake, because it also made the house move. The entire house. (via EMSC)
Palm Desert (United States) (47 km NW from epicenter)(no details): I heard a very low rumbling at the same time as sliding Glass doors started to vibrate. My dog barks at the same time. (via EMSC)
Palm Springs (United States) (63 km NW from epicenter)(no details): Heard it before it came in a wavelike motion and was gone as soon as it passed through. (via EMSC)
Ramona (United States) (66 km SW from epicenter)(no details): sudden sharp, not roller (via EMSC)
San Diego (United States) (105 km SW from epicenter)(no details): Lasted 3 seconds and bed rocked back n forth. Was hoping it was a sexy she-ghost waking me up for frisky time but no such luck. (via EMSC)
La Quinta, CA / MMI IV (Light shaking): Strong jolt that awakened us from sleep. Light to moderate shaking followed for a few seconds. No damage inside.
Palm Springs / MMI II (Very weak shaking)
Sun, 31 May 12:48 UTC M 4.6 / 10 km – [info] (257 km) Pakistan



Continue reading at Volcano Discovery: Todays Latest Earthquakes Worldwide –Sunday, 31 May 2015

Prepper Resources

By Pat Henry – The Prepper Journal

Since I started the Prepper Journal I have always believed that everyone benefits from as much information, discussion and sometimes debate as possible. No single person has all of the answers, but I think collectively great ideas come to the surface. I have my own opinions on practically everything out there but I won’t say that I know all about any subject. I have also had my mind changed on more than one occasion by the thoughts and theories I have read elsewhere on the subjects we discuss about prepping and survival.

To that end I wanted to share some of the best prepper resources I have come across in my preparedness journey with the readers of the Prepper Journal. I think that so many of these sites, prepper gear ideas and even books could be valuable to everyone and I believe anything that I personally use, read or recommend is worth sharing with the rest of the world.

This post will be my ideas on some of the best prepper resources and recommendations in the following categories.

  • Best Prepper Gear that can save your life
  • Best Prepper Books that can give you information when the grid goes down
  • Best Prepper Blogs that can teach you various subjects in the field of prepping and survival

These are just my current opinions and like I mentioned above are all subject to change. Some of these items are listed on my Prepper Essentials page and other links can be found on my Prepper Resources page as well. These two pages will always be links in the navigation bar at the top for future reference.

Best Prepper Gear

The best prepper gear is what you have available to you. In most cases that would be your EDC gear. The best gear in the world is worthless if it is packed away in your attic and you are stuck on some business trip hundreds of miles away from home.

Fenix170Fenix 170 Lumens Flashlight – Great for using on your keychain or as backup to a larger light. SpydercoTenaciousSpyderco Tenacious – Great folder that you can carry with you almost anywhere. LeathermanLeatherman Wave – Thousands of uses and small enough to always have on you.
LeathermanSquirtLeatherman Squirt – This is the Leatherman Wave’s smaller brother and I do mean smaller. This is on my key-chain and is for times when I can’t really wear my big Leatherman on my belt or throw it in a bag. BandanaBandana – No, they aren’t only for blowing your nose, they can be used as a bandage or to filter water to remove large particles. FenixPD22Fenix PD22 – Another flashlight? Yes, this goes in my pocket and when I don’t have my keys, this is always with me. 512 Lumens!
CasioPathfinderCasio Pathfinder – Great watch that includes several features that could aid in survival or at least make a trip into the woods better. ZippoLighter – You should have some way to make fire using something like this Zippo or even a regular Bic lighter.


Best Bug Out Bag Items:

When you have to get out of dodge, there are some basic preparations you should already have packed and ready to go. These are great prepping items for your bug out bag.

NalgeenStainlessWater Bottle: Stainless – You need a way to carry water in your Bug Out Bag, but you don’t have to go the stainless steel route. The benefit of this is that you can boil this canister over a fire if your water is suspect. PlasticNalgeneWater Bottle: Plastic – This is what I used to carry daily but still take this backpacking instead of the stainless. It is a pretty good bit lighter and quieter. NalgeneBladderNalgene 48-Ounce Bladder – This bladder is a great companion to your water filtration system by allowing you to fill an additional reservoir.
SawyerMiniSawyer Mini Water Filter – It only weighs 2 ounces so if you are looking to lighten your backpack, this is the water filter for you. 100,000 gallon capacity. RainFlyENO Rain Fly – Great lightweight option for shelter over your head. Instead of packing a tent, you can just string a rain fly between two trees. FoodRationsEmergency Rations – There are a lot of options for bug out bag food, but these emergency rations stand up to years baking in the trunk of your car.
Recon3SleepingBagESS Recon 3 Sleeping Bag – Lightweight and fairly compact. These bags are rated down to 23 degrees. BivvyAdventure Medical Kits Bivvy – Last ditch survival or a shelter in a pinch. This emergency bivvy is lightweight but could save you from exposure. FreezeDriedMountain House Freeze Dried Chili Mac – No, they aren’t the healthiest option, but they are very filling, lightweight and only require hot water and a spoon. These are my go-to Backpacking meals for simplicity.
FiresteelFire starter – Matches can get wet and lighters can run out of fuel. It will take a long time of making fires before this old style method doesn’t work. It is a great backup. JetboilFlashJetboil Flash – There are lighter options out there, but this unit is simple and mostly self-contained. Perfect for quickly heating up water for coffee or Freeze dried food. GerberLMFGerber LMF II – Folders are great for around town, but if I am walking out the door never to come back, I want a serious survival knife. The Gerber LMF II is great and reasonably priced.


Best Prepping Books and Reference Material

Survival Manuals – Great introduction to the concepts of survival.  The first book I read on the subject was the SAS survival guide and that really opened up a lot of areas for me. I quickly found How to Survive the End of the World as we know it when I got more into Prepping.

Homesteading and Self-Reliance – If we do find ourselves on the other side of oblivion, these books below are great resources you can use to start feeding yourself again.

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Natural Remedies/ First Aid – Natural Remedies are available for thousands of ailments that we take prescription medicine for now and most can be found within a short walk away from your home. When the grid goes down, you will want to ensure you have reference material like this to make your own medicine.

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Tactical Methods / Strategies / Security – Unfortunately, I believe that security will be a major part of any life after a grid-down event. Knowing the skills you need to keep yourself alive and practicing them often will be very necessary if you want to survive.

Best Prepper Blogs

These are in no particular order.

  1. SHTF Plan – Mac Slavo runs this blog that is an excellent read everyday for a ton of new information. Most of the content is current events based around Economic issues, government tyranny or anything that preppers need to be warned about.  This is on my daily read list.
  2. Prepper Website – Todd Sepulveda runs this amazing resource of links to a myriad of prepping sites and content. Prepper Website is the Drudge Report of Prepping and if you could only have one place to go for information, the Prepper Website will have something interesting every day.
  3. Survival Sherpa – Run by another Todd. Todd Walker used to be Daniel Boone in another life I think. His site offers so much information on how to live and create useful items naturally. Full of incredibly instructive posts and ideas.
  4. ITS Tactical – More on the military side of prepping, ITS Tactical is run by Bryan Black and is always full of detailed posts with beautiful images clearly explaining a ton of concepts that could come in handy to anyone from the lowly prepper to backpacker. ITS Tactical frequently features articles from Special Forces veterans.
  5. Ready Nutrition – Tess Pennington has a somewhat eclectic offering of information on her site but it makes for a very interesting read. She covers everything from prepping to self-sufficiency to awareness of health issues. She also has at least two books out, The Prepper’s Blueprint and The Prepper’s Cookbook.
  6. The Survival Mom – Lisa Bedford is the Queen of Prepping Women. (I really hope that doesn’t land me in hot water.) who first came to my attention several years back. I actually gave my oldest daughter a copy of Lisa’s book, The Survival Mom because I thought she could relate to Lisa’s content better than my own.  Fortunately I was right and my daughter has since discussed prepping with me frequently. Lisa’s site is full of resources for preppers, even men too.
  7. Organic Prepper – Daisy Luther runs the Organic Prepper. Along with being a successful writer herself of two books: The Pantry Primer – How to build a one year food supply and her latest, The Organic Canner, Daisy writes about Preparedness, Health Issues, saving money and resisting tyranny in all forms.
  8. Gray Wolf Survival  – Gray Wolf Survival is another great resource for Preppers. Scott Kelly doesn’t post articles every day but when he does, his posts are incredibly detailed and packed with information. Check out his site for informative tips and how-tos.
  9. Survival Blog – The originator, not the imitator. Survival Blog was the first prepping blog I started reading and I still check in every day. James Wesley Rawles started Survival blog and relies on content from readers who submit articles for his contests that give away valuable prizes every couple of months. If you have any question on prepping, self-sufficiency, firearms or homesteading, Survival Blog will likely have the answers buried in its massive index.
  10. Backdoor Survival -Gaye Levy is another woman who ceaselessly writes on subjects important to preppers. Gaye writes about a lot of different topics, holds frequent book reviews and interviews major authors in the Prepper Genre as well as shares homeopathic health remedies.

These are by no means all of the sites that provide great information out here. There are literally hundreds of prepping resources and you can find more links on the sites below:

I hope this list of prepper resources helps you on your preparedness journey.

This information has been made available by The Prepper Journal: Best Prepper Resources and Recommendations

By Daisy Luther – The Organic Prepper

Are you truly prepared for a water emergency?

How long could your family survive if the water stopped flowing from the municipal supply and none was available at the store? If the answer is not “indefinitely” then you need to check out my new book, The Prepper’s Water Survival Guide: Harvest, Treat, and Store Your Most Vital Resource.

This comprehensive book contains life-saving information about how to:

  • Store fresh water
  • Collect rainwater
  • Purify water from lakes and rivers
  • Dig a well for groundwater

In addition to harvesting water, you’ll gain the tools to keep large stores untainted for long periods of time, test the water you collect for dangerous toxins, and treat water-related illnesses that are commonly contracted during a disaster.

This book is very research heavy, with the latest in-depth information about the contaminants lurking in our water supplies and water-borne illnesses, as well as tips for conservation and sanitation during times when your lifestyle is decidedly off-grid.

I hope you enjoy this excerpt from the book.

The Prepper’s Water Survival Guide

If you’ve been prepping for a while, you’ve probably heard of the survivalist’s “Rule of Three.”  You can survive:

Three minutes without air.

Three days without water.

Three weeks without food.

If a disaster has hit and you’re still breathing, then your next concern has got to be water.

Have you ever watched any of those survival shows on the Discovery Channel where people are dropped off in the middle of nowhere and left to survive with limited tools and supplies? In nearly every single episode, the biggest issue is finding and purifying water. Often, they wait so long that they become desperate and engage in risky behavior, like drinking water from a stagnant pool. In one particularly notable episode, the contestants had to be rescued because they became too weak from dehydration to seek water.

  • You don’t have to be a contestant on a survival show or a survivor of a major disaster to require a water supply or a way to acquire it. There are a myriad of smaller issues that can spiral into a personal disaster if you don’t have supplies on hand. What if:
  • Your car broke down when you were driving through the desert and you had to wait or walk for help? Without water you could dehydrate very quickly in hot temperatures.
  • You forgot or didn’t have the money to pay the water bill and your utilities were cut off for a week?
  • Your community was under a water restriction due to contamination of the water supply?
  • The power went out and your home was on well water, thus halting your running water until the electricity was restored?
  • You were out hiking and got lost, then were forced to spend a few nights in the woods with only the supplies in your daypack?

As you can see, those random occurrences that happen out of the blue can strike anyone at any time.

When Water Is Limited, Chaos Erupts

It’s easy to say, “Oh, I’ll just go to the store and grab a few bottles,” but when everyone else in your area has the same idea, it doesn’t take long for the shelves to clear, potentially leaving you and your family without water.

Back in 2010, a water main broke in Boston, Massachusetts. The resulting leak flooded into the Charles River, and officials were forced to use the untreated backup reservoirs. A state of emergency was declared, a boil order was announced, and absolute chaos erupted as more than two million people suddenly found themselves without running water. A local news outlet reported:

The run on bottled water caused near panic at some stores throughout the Boston area Saturday night.

At the BJ’s in Revere, the crowd got so big and the rush for water so intense that police were called in. In order to maintain control of an unruly crowd, the store was shut down for the night.

Shortly after residents in Boston received an emergency call warning them of the water crisis, supermarket aisles stocked with water were quickly wiped out.

“They are fighting over it, literally fighting over water,” said a customer at the Roche Bros. in West Roxbury. “I just had to fight my way through the aisles ’cause it’s crazy in there.”

“Not since Blizzard of ’78 have I seen something like this,” said the store manager. “New shipments that arrived were gone within seconds.”

In Coolidge Corner in Brookline, long lines formed at Trader Joe’s, CVS, and Walgreens for any kind of bottled water, including sparkling and pricey designer bottles.

The Governor of Massachusetts was able to lift the boil order a mere three days later, but during that short span, the National Guard was dispatched to deliver water, businesses were called upon to increase the water inventory brought to the local stores, and many restaurants were forced to close their doors due to the lack of safe drinking water.

You’re Going to Need More Water Than You Think

Even if you are able to jostle your way to the front of the line and victoriously snag the last 24-pack of individual water bottles, if the situation lasts longer than expected, that paltry amount is not going to see you through it.

Why not? Because on average, the expected rate of consumption is one gallon per person per day. That doesn’t include consumption for pets or what you’ll use for sanitation. If the situations persists for more than a couple of days, you’re going to need to bathe, clean, and wash dishes. Not only that, but you’ll have to figure out a safe way to dispose of human waste.

The water that you store for your family should be enough to see all members of the household through a two-week period without running water. This is the bare minimum supply you should have on hand.

What If the Situation Persists for More Than a Few Days?

Sometimes, even an abundant stored water supply isn’t enough. In more dire situations, water supplies can be interrupted indefinitely.

Do you remember the earthquake that devastated Haiti? That unexpected natural disaster took place in 2010, and some areas still do not have running water five years later. Five years. There’s no way a person could store enough water to last for that long, so the people affected have had to completely change their way of life. They’ve had to learn how to acquire water for their needs, how to purify it so it doesn’t make them sick, and how to conserve the limited amount they have available.

 Finding Water Isn’t Enough

Did you know that oftentimes, more people die in the aftermath of a disaster than in the disaster itself? And the number one cause of death? Contaminated water.

If you are thirsty—truly, desperately thirsty—it’s human nature to drink whatever is available because your imminent demise from dehydration is more concerning to you than the pathogens in that dirty water you are gulping down.

But drinking contaminated water can lead to a host of dreaded diseases like dysentery, hepatitis A, viral gastroenteritis, cholera, shigellosis, typhoid, diphtheria, and polio.  Just one person handling personal waste improperly can contaminate the water supply for hundreds, even thousands, of other people downstream from them.

Fresh Water Is Your Most Vital Prep

Whether you are just getting started in the preparedness lifestyle or you’ve been at it for a long time, there’s always something new to learn about water. There’s just so much information about water that it deserves its own book, instead of just one chapter in a general preparedness guide.  Aside from air, it is the most vital element of human survival. In this essential guide, you’ll learn that:

  • You must store a substantial supply, but it isn’t enough to just store it.
  • You must know how to acquire it in case your stores run out.
  • You must know how to make it safe to drink.
  • You must know what could be lurking in your water in order to combat it.
  • You must know how to conserve the water, because you have to make the water you acquire last until you can get more.
  • You must know enough about basic sanitation to keep you and your family safe and healthy.

What’s more, a water supply and source aren’t only important during disasters. It’s vital to know about the things that could be lurking in your water even if it assumedly flows safely from your taps. Municipal water supplies and wells can contain things you’d rather not consume. Sometimes these contaminants are mild and only cause issues when consumed over a long period. Other times, the contaminants can make a susceptible person ill almost immediately.

There is nothing you can store that is more valuable than water or the means to purify water. There is no greater preparedness measure that you can take than that of securing a safe, abundant source of water. Without this one vital element that makes up 50 to 70 percent of your body, you’re as good as dead.

This could be the most important preparedness information you ever read.

The Prepper’s Water Survival Guide: Harvest, Treat, and Store Your Most Vital Resource is a #1 new release on Amazon and is also available at Barnes and Noble.

This article first appeared at The Organic Prepper: The Prepper’s Water Survival Guide: Are You Ready for a Long-Term Water Emergency?

Daisy Luther lives in a small village in the Pacific Northwestern area of the United States.  She is the author of The Organic Canner,  The Pantry Primer: A Prepper’s Guide to Whole Food on a Half-Price Budget, and the soon-to-be-released The Prepper’s Water Survival Guide: Harvest, Treat, and Store Your Most Vital Resource. On her website, The Organic Prepper, Daisy uses her background in alternative journalism to provide a unique perspective on health and preparedness, and offers a path of rational anarchy against a system that will leave us broke, unhealthy, and enslaved if we comply.  Daisy’s articles are widely republished throughout alternative media. You can follow her on Facebook, Pinterest,  and Twitter,.