The greatest challenge in winter survival is finding enough food to eat. Animals tend to migrate to warmer climates, hibernate or just plain become less active as they try to deal with the cold and survive. That makes hunting them more difficult, as you almost have to step on the animals to find them.
Fishing is not a whole lot better, as fish become less active and move to different areas as well. Being cold-blooded creatures, the metabolism of the fish slows down in the cold of winter, reducing their need for oxygen and food. While many think that they stop eating in winter, that’s not true. Fish will still eat in winter, although they don’t need as much food as they do in summertime.
Although more challenging than fishing in the summer, it is still possible to fish in the wintertime, finding food for yourself. Your fishing techniques need to change some and you need to understand where to find the fish, but if you have patience, you can still fish quite effectively.
Where to Find the Fish
Even though the fish’s metabolism will slow down from the cold water, they will still have needs. Those needs will dictate where the fish will be found. If you can understand those needs and seek to fish in the areas where those needs will be met, you have a much better chance of catching fish.
The first need for all fish will be to avoid freezing. Water expands when it freezes and most cells are over 90% water. So, freezing literally tears the cell membrane, killing the cell. While fish don’t understand the science behind this, they will seek areas where the water is warmer.