Fogo (Cape Verde): The eruption continues, but the situation is critical inside the Cha caldera. The northern lava flow branch has started to enter the village of Portela and today destroyed and/or damaged several buildings, including the headquarters of the Fogo Nature Park.
The village, located at the northern end of the main road inside the caldera, is at risk of being cut of by lava flows: If the main road becomes covered, only a difficult and long passage to the NE via Monte Velha remains as land evacuation route.
According to a geologist from the Instituto da Meteorologia e Geofísica in an interview with Televisão de Cabo Verde (TCV), the intensity of the eruption started to decrease today. As of today, only the northern branch of the lava flow seemed to be active. Its advance rate decreased from 35-40 meters per hour yesterday to approx. 25 m per hour today.
On the other hand, other local news sources and recent video footage rather suggest an increase in activity: Several vents have opened at the fissure on the southwestern foot of the Pico del Fogo cone. Activity at most of the vents is violently explosive with significant gas and ash emissions:
Aso (Kyushu): Activity from the Nakadake crater has intensified. Since yesterday, ash emissions and comparably strong incandescence have been observed, suggesting that a new magmatic eruption could be under way.
The height of the emitted ash plumes was up to 8,000 ft (2.4 km) and light ash fall was reported from Namino village 11 km NE of the Nakadake cone:
The volcano had been showing signs of unrest since 2013, with intermittent small, probably phreatic explosions and weak to moderate glow sometimes visible from the crater.
Semeru (East Java, Indonesia): A recent visit at the summit of the volcano by our expedition leader Andi and Markus confirmed that “Semeru’s lava dome is growing bigger and wider, and now has a diameter of 100-200 m.
Strombolian explosions occur from time to time and eject bombs up to 100 m above the vent. Gas venting from two vents is loud and continuous.
According to our observations, part of the dome has collapsed recently to the south flank. A moderately viscous lava forms a long tongue descending into the southern ravine”
Pavlof (Alaska Peninsula, USA): The Alaska Volcano Observatory concluded that “the most recent period of explosive eruptive activity at Pavlof Volcano has ended” and downgraded the volcano alert level again.
“For about the past week, seismicity at the volcano has remained at low levels and shows no indication of the unrest typically associated with lava fountaining or ash emission.
Satellite observations show no evidence for continuing eruptive activity. Thermal signals at the summit are occasionally visible, but are likely being generated by the cooling of previously emplaced lava and debris and not newly erupted material.